Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Evaluation of ammonia 'fixation' components in actual refinery sour waters /
CORP Author American Petroleum Institute. Committee on Refinery Environmental Control.
Publisher Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Available through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA-600/2-80-081; API-PUB-954; EPA-R-804364010
Stock Number PB80-203623
OCLC Number 13594349
Subjects Ammonia. ; Petroleum waste.
Additional Subjects Ammonia ; Petroleum--Washington--Refining--Desulphurization ; Water pollution control ; Ammonia ; Refineries ; Stripping(Distillation) ; Water analysis ; Industrial waste treatment ; Design ; Performance evaluation ; Chemical analysis ; Alkaline earth compounds ; Sulfur inorganic compounds ; Nitrogen inorganic compounds ; Metals ; Organic compounds ; Inorganic compounds ; Separation ; Cyanides ; Hydrogen sulfide ; Water pollution detection ; Heavy metals
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  TP343.A43 1980 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJAD  EPA 600/2-80-081 Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 03/14/1997
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-80-081 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/16/2012
EJBD  EPA 600-2-80-081 c.1-2 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/21/2014
EKAM  EPA 600/2-80-081 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 02/14/1998
EMBD  EPA/600/2-80/081 GWERD Library/Ada,OK 05/01/1992
EOBD  EPA 600-2-80-081 NEIC Library/Denver,CO 01/28/2000
ESAD  EPA 600-2-80-081 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 02/18/2005
NTIS  PB80-203623 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation xi, 110 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
High ammonia concentrations (fixed ammonia) in stripped sour waters from petroleum refining are caused by weak organic acids and both weak and strong sulfur acids. The sulfur acids result from oxidation of sulfides present in sour water. Fixed ammonia can be eliminated by adding its molar equivalent of caustic to the top of the stripping column. Caustic addition does not interfere with sulfide removal. Recommended techniques for measuring cyanide and sulfide concentrations in sour waters are inadequate. Ammonia concentration may be overestimated when the recommended procedure is used because ammonia can be generated from organic nitrogen compounds which are present in refinery sour waters.
Conducted by SRI International under subcontract to the American Petroleum Institute, Committee on Refinery Environmental Control. Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, Ada, Oklahoma, under grant no. R804364010. Includes bibliographical references (pages 76-77).