||Development of risk assessment methodology for surface disposal of municipal sludge.
||Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office. ;Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA. ;Cincinnati Univ., OH. Dept. of Civil Engineering. ;GeoTrans, Inc., Herndon, VA. ;Dynamac Corp., Rockville, MD.
|| Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Sewage sludge as fertilizer--Environmental aspects--United States. ;
Sewage sludge--Environmental aspects--United States. ;
Sewage sludge--Health aspects--United States. ;
Environmental risk assessment--United States. ;
Health risk assessment--United States.
Sludge disposal ;
Chemical compounds ;
Water pollution ;
Air pollution ;
Numerical analysis ;
Waste utilization ;
Sewage sludge ;
Risk assessment ;
Toxic substances ;
Waste management ;
Ocean waste disposal ;
Pollution regulations ;
Environmental effects ;
Ground disposal ;
Path of pollutants
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||255 pages : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm
This is one of a series of reports that present methodologies for assessing the potential risks to humans or other organisms from the disposal or reuse of municipal sludge. The sludge management practices addressed by the series include land application practices, distribution and marketing programs, landfilling, surface disposal, incineration and ocean disposal. In particular, these reports provide methods for evaluating potential health and environmental risks from toxic chemicals that may be present in sludge. The document addresses risks from chemicals associated with surface disposal of municipal sludge. These proposed risk assessment procedures are designed as tools to assist in the development of regulations for sludge management practices. The procedures are structured to allow calculation of technical criteria for sludge disposal/reuse options based on the potential for adverse health or environmental impacts. The criteria may address management practices (such as site design or process control specifications), limits on sludge disposal rates or limits on toxic chemical concentrations in the sludge.
"August, 1990." Includes bibliographical references. "EPA/600/6-89/001." Microfiche.