||Impact of Lead Additive Regulations on the Petroleum Refining Industry: Volume I. Project Summary.
Godley, N. ;
Johnson, S. G. ;
Johnson, W. A. ;
Kittrell, J. R. ;
Pollitt., T. G. ;
||Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, Mass.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Air pollution abatement ;
Petroleum refineries ;
Economic impact ;
Antiknock additives ;
Tetraethyl lead ;
Energy demand ;
Economic analysis ;
Computerized simulation ;
United States ;
Petrochemical industry ;
Fuel demand ;
Atlantic Coast Region(United States) ;
Midwest Region(United States) ;
Texas Gulf Coast Region(United States) ;
Louisiana Gulf Coast Region(United States) ;
Pacific Coast Region(United States)
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
The report assesses the impact on the U.S. petroleum refining industry of two EPA regulations promulgated to control the level of lead additives in motor gasoline. The first of these regulations requires the availability of low octane, unleaded gasoline for vehicles equipped with lead sensitive catalytic converters. For health reasons, the second regulation requires a gradual phase-down of the lead content of the total gasoline pool (including higher octane gasoline to satisfy the remaining higher compression ratio engines). The report assumes essentially a 100 percent need for unleaded gasoline by 1985. Computer models representative of specific refineries in six geographical regions of the U.S. were developed as the basis for determining the impact on the existing refining industry. These models were utilized to assess investment and energy requirements to meet each lead regulation.