Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 476 OF 852

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Meteorological factors responsible for high CO (carbon monoxide) levels in Alaskan cities : final report /
Author Bowling, Sue Ann.
CORP Author Alaska Univ., Fairbanks. Geophysical Inst.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA/600/3-84/096; EPA-808485
Stock Number PB85-115137
OCLC Number 48067067
Subjects Air--Pollution--Alaska.
Additional Subjects Carbon monoxide ; Meteorology ; Alaska ; Air pollution ; Concentration(Composition) ; Forecasting ; Wind(Meteorology) ; Exhaust emissions ; Sources ; Sampling ; Graphs(Charts) ; Rural areas ; Cities ; Sites
Internet Access
Description Access URL
https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=9100R3GD.PDF
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
ESAD  EPA 600-3-84-096 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 09/05/2017
NTIS  PB85-115137 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation 92 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Abstract
High winter carbon monoxide levels in Anchorage, as in Fairbanks, are due to intense nocturnal (ground-based) inversions persisting through the periods of maximum emissions and at times throughout the day. The problem is exacerbated by the large amounts of carbon monoxide emitted during cold starts at low temperatures. The Anchorage situation is unusual in that the nocturnal inversion develops most often with a substantial north-south pressure gradient and easterly geostrophic winds. The Chugach Range to the east sometimes produces a 'wind shadow' effect in the city, and almost all the CO violations examined occured in these conditions. There is evidence that inversions are significantly stronger, and dispersion conditions probably worse, near the mountain front than at the airport weather observation station. CO forecasting in Anchorage would require close cooperation between the U.S. NOAA Weather Service and the Municipality; improvement in communications between the Fairbanks North Star Borough and the Weather Service is also essential if the quality of the Fairbanks CO forecasts is to be improved. Measurements of mixing heights in Fairbanks suggest that a mixing height of 10 m be considered the maximum for worst-case modeling of surface-source pollutants; values as low as 6 m were observed. As an interim measure, similar values are recommended for Anchorage.
Notes
Caption title. Final Report. "Oct. 1984." "EPA-600/3-84-096." Microfiche.