Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 16 OF 882

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Acidification of Rain by the Oxidation of Dissolved SO2 and the Absorption of HNO3.
Author Durham, J. L. ; Barnes, H. M. ; Overton, Jr, J. H. ;
CORP Author Environmental Sciences Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Northrop Services, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA-600/D-84-081;
Stock Number PB84-168368
Additional Subjects Acidification ; Rain ; Oxidation ; Absorption ; Air pollution ; Sulfur dioxide ; Nitric acid ; Reaction kinetics ; Mass transfer ; Concentration(Composition) ; Mathematical models ; Graphs(Charts) ; Acid rain ; Ecosystems
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
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Status
NTIS  PB84-168368 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 74p
Abstract
Most calculations have been performed for sub-cloud acidification of rain. The roles of chemical oxidation kinetics, mass transport rates for gas scavenging, and the raindrop size distribution have been examined. H2O2 (10 ppb) greatly dominates O3 and Mn(+2) in oxidizing dissolved SO2 to form H(-1) and SO4(-2). HNO3 is important for acidification of rain and it also slightly inhibits SO4(-2) formation. Sub-cloud scavenging of H2O2 and HNO3 is mass transport limited, thus causing the acidification of rain to be mass-transported limited. The Marshall-Palmer distribution results in greater predictions of acidity, SO4(-2), and NO3(-1) than the best distribution for raindrops larger than 0.2 mm. Sub-cloud acidification of rain is strongly dependent on: (a) the concentrations of SO2, H2O2, and HNO3, (b) the sub-cloud fall distance, and (c) the raindrop size distribution.