||Hydrogen sulfide : human health aspects /
Chou, C.-H. Selene J.
|| World Health Organization,
Hydrogen sulfide--Toxicology. ;
Hydrogen Sulfide--toxicity. ;
Environmental Exposure. ;
Risk Assessment. ;
Environnement humain. ;
Produits chimiques. ;
Santâe publique. ;
TOXIC SUBSTANCES. ;
||iv, 35 pages : illustrations ; 30 cm.
"Published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organization, and the World Health Organization, and produced within the framework of the Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals." "IPCS, International Programme on Chemical Safety"--Cover. Includes bibliographical references (pages 22-26).
Identity and physical/chemical properties -- Analytical methods -- Sources of human and environmental exposure -- Environmental transport, distribution, and transformation -- Environmental levels and human exposure -- Comparative kinetics and metabolism in laboratory animals and humans -- Effects on laboratory mammals and in vitro test systems -- Effects on humans -- Evaluation of health effects -- Previous evaluations by international bodies. Sudden death among sewerage workers is the most familiar form of hydrogen sulphide poisoning. This colorless, flammable gas has a characteristic odor of rotten eggs. It is produced naturally and as a result of human activity. Natural sources include nonspecific and anaerobic bacterial reduction of sulphates and sulphur-containing organic compounds. Hydrogen sulphide is found naturally in crude petroleum, natural gas, volcanic gases, and hot springs. It is also found in ground water. It is released from stagnant or polluted waters and manure or coal pits. In the industry, it is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of sulphuric acid and inorganic sulphides and as an agricultural disinfectant.--Publisher's description.