Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Reduction of Estuarine Nutrient Loading: Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal in Coastal Swamp Streams.
Author Kuenzler, E. J. ;
CORP Author North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill. Dept. of Environmental Sciences and Engineering.;North Carolina Dept. of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Raleigh. Albemarle-Pamlico Estuarine Study.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
Publisher Sep 91
Year Published 1991
Report Number APES-PR-90-14; APES-90-14;
Stock Number PB95-104063
Additional Subjects Population growth ; Economic development ; Nutrients ; Coasts ; Water pollution effects ; North Carolina ; Estuaries ; Municipalities ; Waste disposal ; Wetlands ; Swamps ; Phosphates ; Nitrates ; Concentration(Composition) ; Data processing ; Organic loading ; Riparian streams
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB95-104063 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 03/06/1995
Collation 93p
The population growth and economic development cause increasing nutrient releases to streams and estuaries from agriculture, urbanization, and industrialization. There is evidence that more nutrients enter headwater streams in North Carolina than reach the estuaries, partly because of removal by bottomland wetlands interposed between nutrient sources and the estuarine sink. Nutrients not removed before reaching the estuary contribute to nuisance algal blooms, hypoxic bottom waters, decreased fish and shellfish harvests, and other problems. The objective of this study was to increase the authors understanding of the efficiency with which bottomlands strip out nitrogen and phosphorus from municipal wastewaters discharged to swamp streams. The data wil help determine how much protection to give swamps and bottomlands to maintain their nutrient-removal function. Data from the extensive study suggests that efficient removal of nitrate and phosphate generally occurs where wastewater loading is heavy.