||Trail-Marking and Alarm Pheromones of Some Ants of the Genus Atta.
Riley, R. G. ;
Silverstein., R. M. ;
||State Univ., of New York, Syracuse. Coll. of Environmental Science and Forestry.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.;Office of Water Resources Research, Washington, D.C.
||W74-11802 ; EPA-660/2-74-081
Chemical analysis ;
Organic compounds ;
Animal behavior ;
Atta texana ;
Atta cephalotes ;
Pyrrole carboxylic acid/methyl-(methyl-ester)
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
Laboratory studies on two ant species of the Genus Atta, Atta texana and Atta cephalotes have resulted in the isolation and identification of several organic compounds which demonstrate either trail-marking or alarm activity. The alarm pheromones of Atta texana have been identified as 4-methyl-3-heptanone and 2-heptanone. A reinvestigation of this study has shown that Atta texana produces (+)-4-methyl-3-heptanone. This compound has also been identified as the alarm pheromone for Atta cephalotes. The volatile trail-marking substance of Atta texana has been identified as methyl-4-methylpyrrole-2-carboxylate.