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RECORD NUMBER: 3 OF 156

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Acid-Base Status of Pennsylvania Streams: Results from the National Stream Survey.
Author Eshelman, K. N. ; Kaufmann, P. R. ; Herlihy, A. T. ;
CORP Author Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR. ;Virginia Univ., Charlottesville.
Publisher 1989
Year Published 1989
Report Number EPA/600/D-89/224;
Stock Number PB90-134313
Additional Subjects Acidification ; Streams ; Water pollution ; Pennsylvania ; Mine waters ; Stream flow ; Acidity ; Neutralizing ; Watersheds ; Forest land ; Populations ; Mine acid drainage
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB90-134313 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/15/1990
Collation 11p
Abstract
The National Stream Survey (NSS) conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency in the spring of 1986 sampled 82 stream reaches within the state of Pennsylvania, representing a target population of 9900 stream reaches that are potentially sensitive to acidification. After excluding streams acidified by acid mine drainage, an estimated 9% of the reaches were chronically acidic during spring baseflow at the upstream end while less than 1% of the stream reaches were acidic at their downstream end. Comparable percentages of streams with an acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) between 0 and 50 (mu)eq/L were also identified, with the majority of these streams found in the Appalachian Plateau. Almost all of the chronically acidic streams in the state are small (<20km(2)), upland headwater streams draining watersheds that are more than 95% forested. Population estimates of the percentages of streams with an ANC less than 200 (mu)eq/L agree favorably with estimates by the Pennsylvania Fish Commission for managed and unmanaged stream sections in the state.