||Analysis of Air-Bubble Plumes.
Cederwal, Klas ;
Ditmar, John D. ;
||California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena. W. M. Keck Lab. of Hydraulics and Water Resources.
Fluid dynamics ;
Mathematical models ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
The air-bubble plume induced by the steady release of air into water has been analyzed with an integral technique based on the equations for conservation of mass, momentum and buoyancy. In this study the compressibility of the air and the differential velocity between the rising air bubbles and the water are introduced as basic properties of the air-bubble plume in addition to a fundamental coefficient of entrainment and a turbulent Schmidt number characterizing the lateral spreading of the air bubbles. Theoretical solutions for two- and three-dimensional air-bubble systems in homogeneous, stagnant water are presented in both dimensional and normalized form and compared to existing experimental data. The further complication of a stratified environment is briefly discussed.