Integrating mechanisms into life history evolution: Integrating mechanistic and evolutionary analysis of life history variation / Christian Braendle, Andreas Heyland, and Thomas Flatt. Genomic insights into life history evolution / Derek A. Roff -- Growth, development, and maturation: Emerging patterns in the regulation and evolution of marine invertebrate settlement and metamorphosis / Andreas Heyland, Sandie Degnan, and Adam M. Reitzel. Evolution and the regulation of growth and body size / Alexander W. Shingleton. The genetic and endocrine basis for the evolution of metamorphosis in insects / Deniz F. Erezylimaz. Thyroidal regulation of life history transitions in fish / Richard G. Manzon. Hormone regulation and the evolution of frog metamorphic diversity / Daniel R. Buchholz ... [et al.] -- Reproduction: Asexual reproduction in cnidaria : comparative developmental processes and candidate mechanisms / Adam M. Reitzel, Derek Stefanik, and John R. Finnerty. The genetics and evolution of flowering time variation in plants : identifying genes that control a key life history transition / Joshua A. Banta and Michael D. Purugganan. Mechanisms of nutrient-dependent reproduction in dipteran insects / Alan O. Bergland. Mechanisms underlying reproductive trade-offs : costs of reproduction / Dominic A. Edward and Tracey Chapman. Patterns and processes of human life history evolution / Michael P. Muehlenbein and Mark V. Flinn -- Lifespan, aging, and somatic maintenance: Parallels in understanding the endocrine control of lifespan with the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster / Magdalena Hodkova and Marc Tatar. The genetics of dietary modulation of lifespan / Johannes H. Bauer and Stephen L. Helfand. Molecular stress pathways and the evolution of life histories in reptiles / Tonia S. Schwartz and Anne M. Bronikowski. Mechanisms of aging in human populations / Maris Kuningas and Rudi G.J. Westendorp -- Life history plasticity: Mechanisms underlying feeding-structure plasticity in echinoderm larvae / Benjamin G. Miner. Evolution and mechanisms of insect reproductive diapause : a plastic and pleiotropic life history syndrome / Paul S. Schmidt. Seasonal polyphenisms and environmentally induced plasticity in the Lepidoptera : the coordinated evolution of many traits on multiple levels / Paul M. Brakefield and Bas J. Zwaan. Honey bee life history plasticity : development, behavior, and aging / Brenda Rascâon ... [et al.] -- Life history integration and trade-offs: Molecular mechanisms of life history trade-offs and the evolution of multicellular complexity in volvocalean green algae / Aurora M. Nedelcu and Richard E. Michod. Molecular basis of life history regulation in C. elegans and other organisms / Birgit Gerisch and Adam Antebi. The costs of immunity and the evolution of immunological defense mechanisms / Kurt A. McKean and Brian P. Lazzaro. Intermediary metabolism and the biochemical-molecular basis of life history variation and trade-offs in two insect models / Anthony J. Zera and Lawrence G. Harshman. Epistatic social and endocrine networks and the evolution of life history trade-offs and plasticity / Lesley T. Lancaster and Barry Sinervo. Hormonally-regulated trade-offs : evolutionary variability and phenotypic plasticity in testosterone signaling pathways / Michaela Hau and John C. Wingfield -- Concluding remarks: Does impressive progress on understanding mechanisms advance life history theory? / Stephen C. Stearns. What mechanistic insights can or cannot contribute to life history evolution : an exchange between Stearns, Heyland, and Flatt / Thomas Flatt, Andreas Heyland, and Stephen C. Stearns.