The scientific literature for the past 100 years was researched to obtain a comprehensive review of the biological effects of ten military munitions. The procedure and resulting bibliography were compiled for an evaluation of the reported toxicity and health hazards of these compounds at environmental levels. Arrangement of the information was alphabetical by compound name preceded by a general approach to the literature. Substantial published material was retrieved for three of the compounds, pentaerythritol tetranitrate, titanium, and potassium perchlorate. Assuming the toxicity of lead styphnate to be referable to the lead ion, a significant amount of data on the human health hazards of lead styphnate was located. Retrieval for dinitrotoluene, hexachloroethane, nitroguanidine, and potassium chlorate was categorized as primarily supportive toxicity data. Red phosphorus and tetrazene research indicated a paucity of data, very noticeable in their bibliographies.