Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 5 OF 11
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Environmental investments the cost of a clean environment : report of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to the Congress of the United States /|
|CORP Author||Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation. ;Environmental Law Inst., Washington, DC.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,|
|Subjects||Environmental protection--United States--Costs ; Pollution--Economic aspects--United States ; Environmental policy--United States--Costs|
|Additional Subjects||Cost analysis ; Investments ; Pollution control ; United States ; Cost estimates ; Periodic variations ; Air pollution ; Water pollution ; Hazardous materials ; Protection ; Ground water ; Surface waters ; Improvement ; Cost effectiveness ; Law(Jurisprudence) ; Regulations ; Radioactive wastes ; Cost comparison ; Western Europe ; Land pollution ; Chemicals|
|Collation||1 v. (various pagings) : ill. ; 28 cm.|
The report to Congress estimates comprehensively the direct costs of pollution control activities in the United States. Estimates of annual pollution control costs over the years 1972-2000 for various levels of the public sector, as well as for the private sector are presented. Cost estimates are given for five categories of environmental media (air, water, land, chemicals, multi-media) and basic types of costs (capital, operating, annualized). Distinctions are made among the costs of existing regulations, new regulations, and full implementation of existing laws, regulations, and programs for which attainment of environmental goals was not achieved by 1987. The estimates are also used to provide some comparisons with several Western European nations and to make a number of other cost comparisons that may prove important over the next several years. Trends in environmental quality, the 'output' of environmental pollution control expenditures, are also presented. In the current report, several points stand out: first, spending on environmental problems is rising; second, the allocation of resources between environmental media is changing; and third, the costs of pollution control are rising at a time when unmet environmental needs are still quite large.
"November 1990." "EPA-230-11-90-083." Includes bibliographical references.