Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Health effects of land application of municipal sludge /
Author Kowal, Norman Edward.
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher Health Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/D-87/041
Stock Number PB87-145850
Subjects Environmental health--United States. ; Sewage disposal in the ground--United States. ; Sewage sludge.
Additional Subjects Waste water ; Earth fills ; Exposure ; Epidemiology ; Humans ; Concentration(Composition) ; Infectious diseases ; Soils ; Contamination ; Toxic substances ; Health effects ; Water pollution effects(Humans) ; Land fills ; Health hazards
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB87-145850 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation 32 pages ; 28 cm
The paper is primarily a summary of two previously published detailed reports on the health effects of land treatment (Kowal 1982, 1985), and the reader is encouraged to seek the supporting data and arguments for the generalizations made here. In those reports the types and levels commonly found in municipal wastewater and the efficiency of preapplication treatment (usually stabilization pond) are briefly reviewed for each agent of concern. A discussion of the levels, behavior, and survival of the agent in the medium or route of potential human exposure, i.e. aerosols, surface soil and plants, subsurface soil and groundwater, and animals, follows as appropriate. For the pathogens, infective dose, risk of infection, and epidemiology are then briefly reviewed. Finally, conclusions and research needs are presented.
"January 1987." "EPA/600/1-85-015." Microfiche.