Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 3 OF 10

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Employment Effects of Brownfield Redevelopment: What Do We Know from the Literature.
Author Howland, M. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. National Center for Environmental Economics.
Publisher Jan 2007
Year Published 2007
Report Number EPA/WP-07-01;
Stock Number PB2007-107550
Additional Subjects Literature survey ; Brownfield redevelopment ; Employment effects ; Job creation ; Environmental remediation ; Site cleanup ; Neighborhood revitalization ;
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB2007-107550 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 10/08/2007
Collation 49p
Abstract
The purpose of this review is to survey the literature addressing the employment effects of brownfield redevelopment. Economic development has emerged as a potential goal of the environmental cleanup process. The evolving literature (1) addresses the redevelopment and job creation that has followed the numerous cases of environmental remediation; (2) continues to debate whether brownfield redevelopment creates new jobs or leads to the spatial reallocation of existing jobs; and (3) documents emerging efforts to tie brownfield redevelopment benefits to local residents and the un- or underemployed. The existing literature highlights the difficulties of moving from site cleanup to neighborhood revitalization. The literature is clear: site cleanup alone is typically not enough to stimulate neighborhood regeneration in the most distressed neighborhoods. There are tradeoffs between financial feasibility and tackling the most contaminated sites in the most distressed neighborhoods, and the redevelopment in these neighborhoods generally required large government subsidies. The literature highlights many positive developments and experiments. Apparent successes involve large scale plans that integrate site cleanup with wider community plans, the growing tendency to link jobs on brownfield sites to local residents, increasingly sophisticated subsidies and incentives, and the importance of design that integrates redevelopment with the existing neighborhood. To steer clear of gentrification, redevelopment strategies should focus on attracting employers who will hire local workers.