||Risk-Based Criteria to Support Validation of Detection Methods for Drinking Water and Air.
M. MacDonell ;
M. Bhattacharyya ;
M. Finster ;
||Argonne National Lab., IL.; Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. National Homeland Security Research Center.; Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Air pollution monitoring ;
Detection methods ;
Water pollution monitoring ;
Exposure routes ;
Chemical threats ;
Radiological threats ;
Drinking water ;
Toxicity values ;
Analytical methods ;
Risk-based criteria ;
Homeland security threat contaminants ;
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ;
Chemical-specific notation ;
National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC) program
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
This report was prepared to support the validation of analytical methods for threat contaminants under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC) program. It is designed to serve as a resource for certain applications of benchmark and fate information for homeland security threat contaminants. The report identifies risk-based criteria from existing health benchmarks for drinking water and air for potential use as validation targets. The focus is on benchmarks for chronic public exposures. The priority sources are standard EPA concentration limits for drinking water and air, along with oral and inhalation toxicity values. Many contaminants identified as homeland security threats to drinking water or air would convert to other chemicals within minutes to hours of being released. For this reason, a fate analysis has been performed to identify potential transformation products and removal half-lives in air and water so appropriate forms can be targeted for detection over time. The risk-based criteria presented in this report to frame method validation are expected to be lower than actual operational targets based on realistic exposures following a release. Note that many target criteria provided in this report are taken from available benchmarks without assessing the underlying toxicological details. That is, although the relevance of the chemical form and analogues are evaluated, the toxicological interpretations and extrapolations conducted by the authoring organizations are not. It is also important to emphasize that such targets in the current analysis are not health-based advisory levels to guide homeland security responses. This integrated evaluation of chronic public benchmarks and contaminant fate has identified more than 200 risk-based criteria as method validation targets across numerous contaminants and fate products in drinking water and air combined.