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RECORD NUMBER: 33 OF 71

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Handbook of mathematics and statistics for the environment /
Author Spellman, Frank R.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Whiting, Nancy E.
Publisher CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group,
Year Published 2014
OCLC Number 844373017
ISBN 9781466586376; 1466586370
Subjects Environmental engineering--Mathematics--Handbooks, manuals, etc. ; Environmental engineering--Statistical methods--Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
EJAR  TD145.S6765 2014 Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 05/19/2014
EKBM  TD145.S6765 2014 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/30/2014
ELBM  TD145.S6765 2014 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 03/20/2019
ERAM  TD145.S6765 2014 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 11/17/2015 STATUS
Collation xxi, 838 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Notes
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Notes
Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 Introduction -- 1.1. Setting the Stage -- 1.2. SI Units -- 1.3. Conversion Factors -- 1.4. Conversion Factors: Practical Examples -- 1.4.1. Weight, Concentration, and Flow -- 1.4.2. Water/Wastewater Conversion Examples -- 1.4.3. Temperature Conversions -- 1.5. Conversion Factors: Air Pollution Measurements -- 1.5.1. Conversion from ppm to [µ]g/m3 -- 1.5.2. Conversion Tables for Common Air Pollution Measurements -- 1.6. Soil Test Results Conversion Factors -- 1.7. Greenhouse Gas Emission Numbers to Equivalent Units -- 1.7.1. Electricity Reductions (Kilowatt-Hours) -- 1.7.2. Passenger Vehicles per Year -- 1.7.3. Gallons of Gasoline Consumed -- 1.7.4. Therms of Natural Gas -- 1.7.5. Barrels of Oil Consumed -- 1.7.6. Tanker Trucks Filled with Gasoline -- 1.7.7. Home Electricity Use -- 1.7.8. Home Energy Use -- 1.7.9. Number of Tree Seedlings Grown for 10 Years -- 1.7.10. Acres of U.S. Forests Storing Carbon for 1 Year -- 1.7.11. Acres of U.S. Forest Preserved from Conversion to Cropland -- 1.7.12. Propane Cylinders Used for Home Barbecues -- 1.7.13. Railcars of Coal Burned -- 1.7.14. Tons of Waste Recycled Instead of Landfilled -- 1.7.15. Coal-Fired Power Plant Emissions for 1 Year -- 1.8. Units of Derivatives and Integrals -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 2 Basic Math Operations -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Basic Math Terminology and Definitions -- 2.2.1. Keywords -- 2.3. Sequence of Operations -- 2.3.1. Rules for Sequence of Operations -- 2.3.2. Examples of Sequence of Operations -- 2.4. Percent -- 2.5. Significant Digits -- 2.6. Powers and Exponents -- 2.7. Averages (Arithmetic Mean) -- 2.8. Ratio -- 2.9. Dimensional Analysis -- 2.9.1. Basic Operation: Division of Units -- 2.9.2. Basic Operation: Divide by a Fraction -- 2.9.3. Basic Operation: Cancel or Divide Numerators and Denominators -- 2.10. Threshold Odor Number (TON) -- 2.11. Geometrical Measurements -- 2.11.1. Definitions -- 2.11.2. Relevant Geometric Equations -- 2.11.3. Geometrical Calculations -- 2.12. Force, Pressure, and Head Calculations -- 2.12.1. Force and Pressure -- 2.12.2. Head -- 2.13. Review of Advanced Algebra Key Terms/Concepts -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 3 Environmental Modeling -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Basic Steps for Developing an Effective Model -- 3.3. What Are Models Used For? -- 3.4. Media Material Content -- 3.4.1. Material Content: Liquid Phases -- 3.5. Phase Equilibrium and Steady State -- 3.6. Math Operations and Laws of Equilibrium -- 3.6.1. Solving Equilibrium Problems -- 3.6.2. Laws of Equilibrium -- 3.7. Chemical Transport Systems -- 3.8. Final Word on Environmental Modeling -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 4 Algorithms and Environmental Engineering -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Algorithms: What Are They? -- 4.3. Expressing Algorithms -- 4.4. General Algorithm Applications -- 4.5. Environmental Practice Algorithm Applications -- 4.6. Dispersion Models -- 4.7. Screening Tools -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 5 Quadratic Equations -- 5.1. Quadratic Equations and Environmental Practice -- 5.1.1. Key Terms -- 5.2. Quadratic Equations: Theory and Application -- 5.3. Derivation of the Quadratic Equation Formula -- 5.4. Using the Quadratic Equation -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 6 Trigonometric Ratios -- 6.1. Trigonometric Functions and the Environmental Practitioner -- 6.2. Trigonometric Ratios or Functions -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 7 Statistics Review -- 7.1. Statistical Concepts -- 7.1.1. Probability and Statistics -- 7.2. Measure of Central Tendency -- 7.3. Symbols, Subscripts, Basic Statistical Terms, and Calculations -- 7.3.1. Mean -- 7.3.2. Median -- 7.3.3. Mode -- 7.3.4. Range -- 7.4. Distribution -- 7.5. Standard Deviation -- 7.6. Coefficient of Variation -- 7.7. Standard Error of the Mean -- 7.8. Covariance -- 7.9. Simple Correlation Coefficient -- 7.10. Variance of a Linear Function -- 7.11. Sampling Measurement Variables -- 7.11.1. Simple Random Sampling -- 7.11.2. Stratified Random Sampling -- 7.12. Sampling-Discrete Variables -- 7.12.1. Random Sampling -- 7.12.2. Sample Size -- 7.13. Cluster Sampling for Attributes -- 7.13.1. Transformations -- 7.14. Chi-Square Tests -- 7.14.1. Test of Independence -- 7.14.2. Test of a Hypothesized Count -- 7.14.3. Bartlett's Test of Homogeneity of Variance -- 7.15.Comparing Two Groups by the t Test -- 7.15.1.t Test for Unpaired Plots -- 7.15.2.t Test for Paired Plots -- 7.16.Comparison of Two or More Groups by Analysis of Variance -- 7.16.1.Complete Randomization -- 7.16.2. Multiple Comparisons -- 7.16.3. Randomized Block Design -- 7.16.4. Latin Square Design -- 7.16.5. Factorial Experiments -- 7.16.6. Split-Plot Design -- 7.16.7. Missing Plots -- 7.17. Regression -- 7.17.1. Simple Linear Regression -- 7.17.2. Multiple Regression -- 7.17.3. Curvilinear Regressions and Interactions -- 7.17.4. Group Regressions -- 7.17.5. Analysis of Covariance in a Randomized Block Design -- References and Recommended Reading. ch. 8 Computation and Measurement of Risk -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Frequency Measures -- 8.2.1. Ratio -- 8.2.2. Proportion -- 8.2.3. Rate -- 8.3. Morbidity Frequency Measures -- 8.3.1. Incidence Proportion or Risk -- 8.3.2. Incidence Rate or Person-Time Rate -- 8.3.3. Prevalence -- 8.4. Mortality Frequency Measures -- 8.4.1. Mortality Rate -- 8.4.2. Death-to-Case Ratio -- 8.4.3. Case-Fatality Rate -- 8.4.4. Proportionate Mortality -- 8.4.5. Years of Potential Life Lost -- 8.5. Natality (Birth) Measures -- 8.6. Measures of Association -- 8.6.1. Risk Ratio -- 8.6.2. Rate Ratio -- 8.6.3. Odds Ratio -- 8.7. Measures of Public Health Impact -- 8.7.1. Attributable Proportion -- 8.7.2. Vaccine Efficacy or Vaccine Effectiveness -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 9 Boolean Algebra -- 9.1. Why Boolean Algebra? -- 9.1.1. Fault-Tree Analysis -- 9.1.2. Key Terms -- 9.2. Technical Overview -- 9.2.1.Commutative Law -- 9.2.2. Distributive Law -- 9.2.3. Identity and Inverse Variables -- 9.3. Boolean Synthesis -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 10 Environmental Economics -- 10.1. Environmental Practice and Economics -- 10.1.1. Key Terms -- 10.2. Capital-Recovery Factor (Equal-Payment Series) -- 10.3. Uniform Series Present Worth (Value) Factor -- 10.4. Future Value -- 10.5. Annual Payment, (Uniform Series Sinking Fund) -- 10.6. Present Value of Future Dollar Amount -- 10.7. Future Value of a Present Amount -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 11 Fundamental Engineering Concepts -- 11.1. Introduction -- 11.2. Resolution of Forces -- 11.3. Slings -- 11.3.1. Rated Sling Loads -- 11.4. Inclined Plane -- 11.5. Properties of Materials -- 11.5.1. Friction -- 11.5.2. Specific Gravity -- 11.5.3. Force, Mass, and Acceleration -- 11.5.4. Centrifugal and Centripetal Forces -- 11.5.5. Stress and Strain -- 11.6. Materials and Principles of Mechanics -- 11.6.1. Statics -- 11.6.2. Dynamics -- 11.6.3. Hydraulics and Pneumatics-Fluid Mechanics -- 11.6.4. Welds -- 11.6.5. Moment -- 11.6.6. Beams and Columns -- 11.6.7. Bending Moment -- 11.6.8. Radius of Curvature (Beam) -- 11.6.9. Column Stress -- 11.6.10. Beam Flexure -- 11.6.11. Reaction Force (Beams) -- 11.6.12. Buckling Stress (Wood Columns) -- 11.6.13. Floors -- 11.7. Principles of Electricity -- 11.7.1. Nature of Electricity -- 11.7.2. Simple Electrical Circuit -- 11.7.3. Ohm's Law -- 11.7.4. Electrical Power -- 11.7.5. Electrical Energy (Kilowatt-Hours) -- 11.7.6. Series DC Circuit Characteristics -- 11.7.7. Parallel DC Circuits -- 11.7.8. Series-Parallel Circuits -- 11.7.9. Conductors -- 11.7.10. Magnetic Units -- 11.7.11. AC Theory -- 11.7.12. Inductance -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 12 Fundamental Soil Mechanics -- 12.1. Introduction -- 12.2. Soil: What Is It? -- 12.3. Soil Basics -- 12.3.1. Soil for Construction -- 12.4. Soil Characteristics -- 12.4.1. Soil Weight Volume and Space-Volume Relationships -- 12.4.2. Specific Gravity -- 12.5. Soil Particle Characteristics -- 12.6. Soil Stress and Strain -- 12.7. Soil Compressibility -- 12.8. Soil Compaction -- 12.9. Soil Failure -- 12.10. Soil Physics -- 12.11. Structural Failure -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 13 Forest-Based Biomass Basic Computations -- 13.1. Introduction -- 13.1.1. Forestry Service and Mathematics: The Interface -- 13.2. Forest Biomass Computations and Statistics -- 13.3. Sample Forest-Based Biomass Computations -- 13.3.1. Lower and Higher Heating Values -- 13.3.2. Effect of Fuel Moisture on Wood Heat Content -- 13.3.3. Forestry Volume Unit to Biomass Weight Considerations -- 13.3.4. Stand-Level Biomass Estimation -- 13.3.5. Biomass Equations -- 13.4. Timber Scaling and Log Rules -- 13.4.1. Theory of Scaling -- 13.4.2. Authorized Log Rules -- 13.4.3. Wood Density and Weight Ratios -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 14 Fundamental Chemistry and Hydraulics -- 14.1. Fundamental Chemistry -- 14.1.1. Density and Specific Gravity -- 14.1.2. Water Chemistry Fundamentals -- 14.2. Fundamental Hydraulics -- 14.2.1. Principles of Water Hydraulics -- 14.2.2. Basic Pumping Calculations -- 14.2.3. Calculating Head Loss -- 14.2.4. Calculating Head -- 14.2.5. Calculating Horsepower and Efficiency -- 14.2.6. Pump Efficiency and Brake Horsepower (BHP) -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 15 Basic Calculations for Occupational Safety and Environmental Health Professionals -- 15.1. Industrial Hygiene: What Is It? -- 15.2. Workplace Stressors -- 15.2.1. Chemical Stressors -- 15.2.2. Physical Stressors -- 15.2.3. Biological Stressors -- 15.2.4. Ergonomic Stressors -- 15.3. Environmental Health and Safety Terminology -- 15.4. Indoor Air Quality -- 15.4.1. Sources of Indoor Air Pollutants -- 15.5. Air Pollution Fundamentals -- 15.5.1. Six Common Air Pollutants -- 15.5.2. Gases -- 15.5.3. Particulate Matter -- 15.5.4. Pollution Emission Measurement Parameters -- 15.5.5. Standard Corrections -- 15.5.6. Atmospheric Standards -- 15.5.7. Air Monitoring and Sampling -- 15.6. Ventilation -- 15.6.1. Definitions -- 15.6.2. Concept of Ventilation -- 15.6.3.Common Ventilation Measurements -- 15.6.4. Good Practices. Note continued: 24.14.1. Biosolids Dewatering -- 24.14.2. Pressure Filtration Calculations -- 24.14.3. Rotary Vacuum Filter Dewatering Calculations -- 24.14.4. Sand Drying Bed Calculations -- 24.14.5. Biosolids Disposal Calculations -- 24.15. Wastewater Laboratory Calculations -- 24.15.1. Wastewater Lab -- 24.15.2.Composite Sampling Procedures and Calculations -- 24.15.3. Biochemical Oxygen Demand Calculations -- 24.15.4. Mole and Molarity Calculations -- 24.15.5. Settleability (Activated Biosolids Solids) Calculations -- 24.15.6. Settleable Solids Calculations -- 24.15.7. Biosolids Total Solids, Fixed Solids and Volatile Solids Calculations -- 24.15.8. Wastewater Suspended Solids and Volatile Suspended Solids Calculations -- 24.15.9. Biosolids Volume Index and Biosolids Density Index Calculations -- References and Recommended Reading -- ch. 25 Stormwater Calculations -- 25.1. Introduction -- 25.2. Stormwater Terms and Acronyms -- 25.3. Hydrologic Methods -- 25.3.1. Precipitation -- 25.4. Runoff Hydrographs -- 25.5. Runoff and Peak Discharge -- 25.6. Calculation Methods -- 25.6.1. Rational Method -- 25.6.2. Modified Rational Method -- 25.6.3. TR-55 Estimating Runoff Method -- 25.6.4. TR-55 Graphical Peak Discharge Method -- 25.6.5. TR-55 Tabular Hydrograph Method -- 25.7. General Stormwater Engineering Calculations -- 25.7.1. Detention, Extended Detention, and Retention Basin Design Calculations -- 25.7.2. Allowable Release Rates -- 25.7.3. Storage Volume Requirement Estimates -- 25.7.4. Graphical Hydrograph Analysis-SCS Methods -- 25.7.5. TR-55 Storage Volume for Detention Basins (Shortcut Method) -- 25.7.6. Graphical Hydrograph Analysis, Modified Rational Method, Critical Storm Duration -- 25.7.7. Modified Rational Method, Critical Storm Duration-Direct Solution -- 25.7.8. Stage-Storage Curve -- 25.7.9. Water Quality and Channel Erosion Control Volume Calculations -- References and Recommended Reading.