Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Operational and Environmental Impacts of Closed Cycle Cooling Systems.
Author Brna, T. G. ;
CORP Author Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1985
Report Number EPA/600/D-85/249;
Stock Number PB86-117157
Additional Subjects Cooling systems ; Electrical power plants ; Water pollution control ; Steam electric power generation ; Aquatic biology ; Thermodynamics ; Cooling towers ; Cost analysis ; Heat recovery ; Water reclamation ;
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB86-117157 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/21/1988
Collation 32p
The paper gives results of a study of operational and environmental impacts of closed cooling systems, used for about a quarter of the nation's steam-electric generating capacity. Conclusions relating to operational impacts include: (1) closed cycle cooling leads to increased power plant heat rates relative to an open cycle cooling system, but is finding increased application at power plants in order to meet environmental or siting constraints (the wet cooling tower is the most often selected closed cycle cooling system); and (2) closed cycle cooling systems are more costly, in terms of both capital and annualized costs, than open cycle cooling (wet cooling towers are usually the least costly closed cycle cooling system, while dry cooling towers are the most expensive).