||Incentive analysis for clean water act reauthorization : point source/nonpoint source trading for nutrient discharge reductions /
Luttner, M. ;
Kashmanian, R. ;
||Apogee Research, Inc., Bethesda, MD.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation.
|| The Agency,
Water quality management ;
Point sources ;
Nonpoint sources ;
Water pollution control ;
Clean Water Act ;
Cost analysis ;
Discharge measurement ;
Pollution regulations ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||1 volume (various pagings) : maps ; 28 cm
The report examines effluent trading as one option to achieve water quality objectives at least cost. Although it can take many different forms, effluent trading in principle allocates reductions in pollutant loadings across point and nonpoint sources using least cost as the criterion. While several options are discussed, the paper focuses principally on trading schemes in which regulated point sources are allowed to avoid upgrading their pollution control technology to meet water quality-based effluent limits if they pay for equivalent (or greater) reductions in nonpoint source pollution within their watersheds. The report focuses on nutrient trading because trading programs to date have dealt with pollutants of this type and because of the large number of difficult issues specific to trades involving toxic pollutants.
"April 1992." "Principal Contributors: Richard Kashmanian, Mahesh Podar." Includes bibliographical references. "EPA 230-R-92-019"--Cover. "Contract 68-C0-0083"--Title page verso. Microfiche.