Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Geographic information systems (GIS) for disaster management /
Author Tomaszewski, Brian.
Publisher CRS Press Taylor & Francis,
Year Published 2015
OCLC Number 884809549
ISBN 9781482211689 (hardcover : alk. paper); 1482211688 (hardcover : alk. paper)
Subjects Emergency management--Geographic information systems. ; Emergency management--Data processing. ; Disasters--Data processing. ; Disaster Planning
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBM  HV551.2.T647 2015 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 02/18/2015
Collation xv, 295 pages ; 27 cm
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Notes
Machine generated contents note: Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- GIS and Geographical Context -- GIS and Situation Awareness -- The Problem: Continued Need for GIS in Disaster Management -- Scale, Scope, and Intensity of Disasters -- Case Study: Burkina Faso[--]Disasters in the Developing World -- The Need for Improved Coordination, Sharing, and Interoperability -- Problems of GIS Awareness in Disaster Management -- The Opportunity: Increased Awareness and Advocacy of GIS and Mapping -- Crisis Mapping -- Interview with Dr. Jennifer Ziemke, Cofounder and Codirector of the International Network of Crisis Mappers -- Spatial Thinking and Disaster Management -- Chapter Summary -- Discussion Questions -- References -- Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- Data vs. Information -- Scale -- Three Ways of Representing Map Scale -- Large- vs. Small-Scale Maps -- Why Scale Matters: Detail and Accuracy -- Map Projections -- Coordinate Systems. Note continued: Universal Transverse Mercator Coordinate System -- State Plane Coordinate (SPC) System -- Datums -- Reference Ellipsoids -- Control Points -- The Importance of Datums -- Coordinate Systems: The Whole Picture -- Basic Principles of Cartography -- Mapping Principles -- Data Measurement -- Visual Variables -- Figure and Ground Relationships -- Map Types: Reference and Thematic -- Reference Maps -- Thematic Maps -- Summary -- Designing Usable Maps in a GIS Context -- Common Examples of Poorly Made Maps Created with a GIS -- Interview with Dr. Anthony C. Robinson -- Chapter Summary -- Discussion Questions -- Resources -- Principles of Mapping -- Geodesy (including Datums and Reference Ellipsoids) -- History of Cartography -- Basics of Statistical Data Classification for Maps -- Designing Good Maps in a GIS Context -- Map Color -- References -- Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- What Is GIS? -- Organizing the World Geographically: Map Layers. Note continued: What Can You Do (and Not Do) with GIS Software? -- Data and Spatial Asset Management -- Analysis -- GIS Programming -- Modeling -- Cartography, Visualization, and Map Production -- Geocoding -- Limitations of GIS -- Understanding GIS Data Models -- Vector Models -- Raster -- GIS Metadata -- Specific GIS Technology -- GIS Technology Platforms and Disaster Management -- ArcGIS -- Google Maps and Other Google Geospatial Technology -- QGIS -- Other Commercial, Free, and Open-Source or Openly Available GIS Technologies -- OpenStreetMap -- Other GIS Technologies -- Free and Open-Source Datasets Relevant to Disaster Management -- How to Choose the Right GIS Technology for Disaster Management -- Getting Started with GIS Technology and GIS Technology Configuration Ideas -- Chapter Summary -- Discussion Questions -- Resources Notes -- References -- Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- Disaster Management Cycle. Note continued: Terms: Emergency, Disaster, Crisis, and Catastrophe -- Disaster Management Cycle -- Role of GIS within Disaster Management Policy and Practice -- Policy in the United States: The National Incident Management System (NIMS) -- Incident Command System (ICS) -- United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Geospatial Concept of Operations (GeoCONOPS) -- United States National Spatial Data Infrastructure -- Local Government: Cities, Towns, and Counties -- County GIS: Interview with Scott McCarty -- State -- National -- FEMA -- GIS and Other US Federal Agencies -- Non-US Federal-Level Disaster Management: Interview with Dr. Michael Judex -- Private Sector -- Private-Sector Perspective: Interview with Alan Leidner -- International Disaster Management Community and GIS -- Nongovernmental Organizations -- MapAction -- Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) -- Crisis Mappers -- GISCorps -- International Disaster Management Support Mechanisms. Note continued: International Charter on Space and Major Disasters -- Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) -- World Bank GFDRR -- United Nations -- Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: Relief Web -- UN-SPIDER -- UN-SPIDER Perspectives: Interview with Antje Hecheltjen -- GIS, Disaster Management, and the United Nations: Interview with Dr. Jèorg Szarzynski -- Chapter Summary -- Discussion Questions and Activities -- Resources Notes -- References -- Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- Technology and Dataset Planning and Preparation -- Essential Disaster Management Map Layers -- Additional Sources of Ideas for Essential Disaster Management Map Layers -- Department of Homeland Security Geospatial Data Model -- Technology Planning and Preparation -- Organizational Perspectives -- Using GIS to Support Planning and Preparation Activities -- Spatial Perspectives on Broader Planning and Preparation Activities. Note continued: Common GIS Tasks for Disaster Planning and Preparation Activities -- Evacuation Route Planning -- Evacuation Zone Planning -- Scenario Modeling to Answer What-If Questions -- Public Outreach and Citizen Participation -- GIS and Disaster Management Planning: A United Nations Perspective -- Interview with Lorant Czaran -- Summary -- Discussion Questions and Activities -- Resources Notes -- References -- Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- Disaster Response Policy in the United States -- Geographical Aspects of Situation Awareness -- Maps and Emergency Operation Centers -- GIS and Disaster Warnings -- Spatial Data Deluge -- Thematic Maps -- Spatial Statistics -- Hot Spot Mapping -- Density Mapping -- Real-Time GIS -- Disaster Response GIS Products -- Online Disaster Response Geographic Data Streams -- GIS and Damage Assessment -- Field Data Collection and Mobile GIS -- Public and Disaster Response Mapping[--]Crisis Mapping and Citizen Reporting. Note continued: Chapter Summary -- Discussion Questions and Activities -- Resources Notes -- References -- Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- Geographical Aspects of Disaster Recovery -- Using GIS to Support Disaster Recovery Tasks -- Geocollaboration -- Restoring Critical Infrastructure -- Debris Cleanup -- Recovery Planning -- Transition from Recovery to Mitigation -- Interview with David Alexander: US Federal Government Geospatial Technology Leader and Expert -- Chapter Summary -- Discussion Questions and Activities -- Resources Notes -- References -- Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- Vulnerability -- Resilience -- Disaster Mitigation Policy and International Perspectives on GIS -- The United States National Mitigation Framework -- International Perspectives on Disaster Mitigation: UNISDR -- GIS Techniques for Disaster Mitigation -- Spatial Indexing and Modeling of Risk and Vulnerability -- Social Variables -- Physical Variables. Note continued: Using GIS to Develop Spatial Indexes of Vulnerability and Risk -- Chapter Summary -- Discussion Questions and Activities -- Resources Notes -- References -- Chapter Objectives -- Introduction -- Special Topics -- Visual Analytics -- Big Data and Disaster Management -- Serious Games for GIS and Disaster Management -- Geographic Information Science and Disaster Management -- The Future of GIS for Disaster Management -- Interviews -- Jen Zimeke, PhD, Crisis Mappers (Chapter 1, Specialty: Crisis Mapping) -- Anthony Robinson, PhD, Penn State (Chapter 2, Specialty: Cartography) -- Alan Leidner, Booz Allen Hamilton (Chapter 4, Specialty: Private-Sector GIS) -- Antje Hecheltjen, UN-SPIDER (Chapter 4, Specialty: Remote Sensing) -- Michael Judex, PhD, German Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (Chapter 4, Specialty: Federal Government GIS (Germany)). Note continued: Scott McCarty, Monroe County GIS (Chapter 4, Specialty: County Government GIS (United States)) -- Lóránt Czárán, United Nations Cartographic Section and Office for Outer Space Affairs (Chapter 5, Specialty: Remote Sensing International GIS Organization, United Nation) -- David Alexander, US Federal Government (Chapter 7, Specialty: Federal Government GIS (United States)) -- Research Agenda -- Developing a GIS for Disaster Management Career -- Interviews -- Alan Leidner (Chapter 4) -- Antje Hecheltjen (Chapter 4) -- Michael Judex, PhD (Chapter 4) -- Scott McCarty (Chapter 4) -- Jèorg Szarzynski, PhD (Chapter 4) -- Lóránt Czárán (Chapter 5) -- David Alexander (Chapter 7) -- GIS for Disaster Management Career Summary Points -- Staying Current in the GIS for Disaster Management Field -- Organizations -- Conferences -- Journals and Magazines -- Training and Education -- Volunteer Opportunities -- Chapter Summary. Note continued: Discussion Questions and Activities -- Resources Notes -- References. " ... [P]rovides coverage of the basics of GIS. It examines what GIS can and can't do, GIS data formats (vector, raster, imagery), and basic GIS functions including analysis, map production/cartography, and data modeling. It presents a series of real-life case studies that illustrate the GIS concepts discussed in each chapter. These case studies supply readers with an understanding of the applicability of GIS to the full disaster management cycle."--Back cover.