Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 134 OF 2607

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Analysis of cost sharing programs for pollution abatement of municipal wastewater /
Author Marshall, Harold E., ; Ruegg., Rosalie T.
CORP Author National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. Inst. for Applied Technology.;Washington Environmental Research Center, D.C.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development,
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA-600/5-74-031; EPA-ROAP-21AXN-09
Stock Number PB-239 420
OCLC Number 01194197
Subjects Sewage disposal--United States--Finance. ; Sewage disposal plants--Costs. ; United States.--(DNLM)D014481
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Sewage treatment ; Cost sharing ; Urban planning ; Financing ; Project planning ; Waste water ; Construction ; Capitalized costs ; Maintenance ; Water pollution abatement ; National Water Pollution Control Act 1972
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=9101ENL6.PDF
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
EJAD  EPA 600/5-74-031 Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 03/01/1996
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-5-74-031 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/12/2013
EJBD  EPA 600-5-74-031 c.1-2 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/12/2014
EKAM  HD4477.M28 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 06/10/1994
NTIS  PB-239 420 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation vii, 137 pages : illustrations, figures ; 27 cm.
Abstract
The study evaluates existing cost-sharing programs for wastewater pollution abatement as described in the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, describes alternative cost-sharing programs that provide improvement in terms of national efficiency and equity criteria as defined herein, and suggests related areas for further research. Emphasis is on how Federal cost sharing biases communities in favor of certain kinds of techniques. The approach is to describe the current cost-sharing programs for both plant and nonplant techniques; to examine cost-sharing, legal, and other institutional biases against certain techniques; to analyze efficiency and equity effects of alternative cost-sharing programs; and to describe the incentive effects of cost sharing on nonfederal interests with respect to their choices among abatement techniques. Findings of the study are that more efficient abatement will result if the same percentage cost share applies to all plant and nonplant techniques of abatement.
Notes
"November 1974." Work Order Number EPA-IAG D4 H 374." "Program Element No. 1BA030." "ROAP 21AXN09." "Project Officer Dr. Marshall Rose, Washington Environmental Research Center, Environmental Protection Agency." Harold E. Marshall and Rosalie T. Ruegg, Building Economics Section, Institute for Applied Technology, National Bureau Standards." Figures: Combined and separate municipal sewer systems -- Alternative approaches to reduction of wastewater pollution -- Indifference curves and budget constraints -- Demand for pollution abatement -- Demand for pollution abatement, with and without enforcement -- Insufficient demand for pollution abatement -- Cost share for efficient technique(s) -- Cost share for efficient scale -- Average cost and efficient scale of pollution abatement -- Efficient scale with regional abatement. Tables: Cost of some alternative techniques for meeting the dissolved oxygen objectives of 4 PPM in the Potomac Estuary -- Eligibility for EPA construction grants of alternative techniques by cost category -- Grants by EPA and other federal agencies as a share of eligibale and total project costs as of December 31, 1972 -- Maximum federal cost shares for sewer facilities provided by HUD, FHA, and EDA -- Impact on local project cost of different cost-sharing rules : an illustration -- Impact on choice of techniques of a cost-sharing rule which does not apply equally to all categories of cost -- Determination of cost-sharing constraint to reduce potential bias in selection of abatement techniques -- federal and nonfederal expenditure requirements of alternative cost-sharing rules viewed historically -- Illustration of a grantee's costs for a hypothetical abatement project with and without retention of user fees -- Application of pollution abatement techniques to major problems of municipal waste treatment systems -- Some waste treatment plant operations and processes applicable to treatment of wastewater. Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes
"This study evaluates existing cost-sharing programs for wastewater pollution abatement as described in the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, describes alternative cost-sharing programs that provide improvements in terms of national efficiency and equity criteria as defined herein, and suggests related areas for further research. Emphasis is on how federal cost sharing biases communities in favor of certain kinds of techniques. The approach is to describe the current cost-sharing programs for both plant and nonplant techniques; to examine cost-sharing, legal, and other institution biases against certain techniques; to analyze efficiency and equity effects of alternative cost-sharing programs; and to describe the incentive effects of cost sharing on nonfederal interests with respect to their choices among abatement techniques. Findings of the study are that more efficient abatement will result if the same percentage cost share applies to all plant and nonplant techniques of abatement; the same percentage also applies to all categories of cost (e.g., capital, land, operation and maintenance) for a given technique; the same percentage applies to large and small communities; institutional constraints on the selection of nonplant techniques are removed; and if the program provides for federal cost sharing of every abatement technique that is technically viable. This report was submitted in fulfillment of program element PE 1BA030 and work order number EPA-IAG D4 H 374 by the National Bureau of Standards, Building Economics Section."--Page iv. Executive summary -- Introduction -- Description of existing cost-sharing program and institutional contraints. Construction grant program. Eligibility for grants as defined in legislation ; Eligibility for grants in practice -- Cost sharing by other agencies -- Institutional constraints to abatement -- Theoretical relationships. Selective survey of the literature ; Derivation of demand ; Conditions for efficiency. Techniques ; Scale -- Characteristics of equity -- Efficiency implications of existing and alternative cost sharing programs. Techniques ; Scale -- Effects of user fees on cost shares/ Legislated user fees ; Alternative interpretations ; Interest charges in user fees ; User fee implications -- Summary, findings and suggestions for further research. Summary ; Findings ; Suggestions for further research.