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RECORD NUMBER: 154 OF 155

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Wet/dry cooling systems for fossil-fueled power plants : water conservation and plume abatement /
Author Hu, M. C. ; Englesson., G. A.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Englesson, G. A.,
CORP Author United Engineers and Constructors, Inc., Philadelphia, Pa.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA-600/7-77-137; UE/C-771130; EPA-68-03-2202
Stock Number PB-276 625
OCLC Number 04019654
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Power-plants--Environmental aspects. ; Water conservation.
Additional Subjects Cooling towers ; Air pollution control ; Water conservation ; Electric power plants ; Tables(Data) ; Fogging ; Economic analysis ; Design criteria ; Performance evaluation ; Plumes ; Mathematical models ; Plant location ; Capitalized costs ; Fossil fueled power plants ; Wet methods ; Dry methods
Internet Access
Description Access URL
https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=9101DZ6Z.PDF
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-7-77-137 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/16/2012
EJBD  EPA 600-7-77-137 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 09/12/2013
EKAM  EPA-600/7-77-137 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 07/08/1994
ESAD  EPA 600-7-77-137 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-276 625 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation xx, 276 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Abstract
The report gives results of a study of technical and economic feasibilities of wet/dry cooling towers for water conservation and vapor plume abatement. Results of cost optimizations of wet/dry cooling for 1000-MWe fossil-fueled power plants are presented. Five sites in the western coal region and one in New York are evaluated for water conservation; four urban sites (Seattle, Cleveland, Newark, and Charlotte) are used in the plume abatement analyses. Results are given as the total evaluated cost of the cooling system. Separate cost components include initial capital cost, operating expenses, and penalties for the cooling system operation capitalized over a plant life of 40 years. The year of pricing is 1985. For the water conservation analyses, optimized all-wet and all-dry cooling towers are reference systems. The wet/dry system has separate wet and dry mechanical draft towers. Costs are related to the make-up water requirement expressed as a percentage of the water required by an all-wet system. Parametric and sensitivity analyses show the effect of changing the system design and economic factors. A parallel air-flow hybrid wet/dry tower is used in the plume abatement studies. Costs are presented for an allowable number of hours of fogging. An all-wet system, optimized solely for cost, is the reference.
Notes
Prepared by under contract no. 68-02-2202, program element no. EHE624. Issued Nov. 1977. Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes
The technical and economic feasibilities of wet/dry cooling towers for water conservation and vapor plume abatement are studied. Results of cost optimizations of wet/dry cooling for 1000-MWe fossil-fueled power plants are presented. Six sites (five in the western coal region and one in New York) are evaluated for water conservation, and four urban sites (Seattle, Cleveland, Newark, and Charlottle) are used in the plume abatement analyses. Results are given as the total evaluated cost (TEC) of the cooling system. Separate cost ccomponents include initial capital cost, operating expenses and penalties for the cooling system operation over a plant life of forty years. The plant start-up date is 1985. For the water conservation analyses, optimized wet and dry cooing towers are the reference systems. The wet/dry system has separated wet and dry mechanical draft towers. Costs are related to the make-up water requirement expressed as a percentage of the water required by a wet system. Parametric and sensitivity analyses show the effect of changing the system design and economic factors. A parallel air-flow hybrid wet/dry tower is used in the plume abatement studies. Costs are presented for an allowable number of hours of fogging. A wet system, optimized solely for cost, serves as the reference.