Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Institutional Controls in Use.
CORP Author Environmental Law Inst., Washington, DC.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
Year Published 1995
Report Number ELI-922042; EPA-CR-820539-01
Stock Number PB2010-106749
Additional Subjects Hazardous materials ; Waste disposal ; Land use ; Site surveys ; Superfund ; Legal aspects ; Safety ; US EPA ; Cleaning ; Environmental protection ; Regional planning ; Remedial action ; State government ; National government ; Project planning ; Institutional controls
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2010-106749 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 09/22/2010
Collation 70p
Institutional controls are a mechanism for providing a certain degree of safety in the absence of technology which could clean a site thoroughly, including a legal mechanism designed to ensure that sites are used only for the purposes for which they were remedied. There are many types of controls, each of which can be designed to meet specific site needs. Institutional controls can also provide flexibility by lengthening the time frame for site cleanup. If, as seems likely, Congress amends the Superfund program to take future land use into account in selecting the type and level of cleanup at a site, institutional controls will become an important and integral element of many remedial actions. Because different levels or types of cleanups would be undertaken--for example, at sites which will be used for industrial purposes as opposed to sites that will be used for residential uses--flexible but long lasting mechanisms such as institutional controls will be necessary to ensure that land uses continue to be compatible with the level of cleanup at a site for as long as residual contamination presents risks. This report anticipates amendments to Superfund and describes in concrete terms how institutional controls have been used at Superfund sites and in similar situations in the past. Experience with past use of institutional controls provides Superfund policymakers with valuable examples and knowledge about how best to use these tools to protect humans for as long as risk remains at a site.