||Methodologies for estimating emission and travel activity effects of TCMs /
Austin, B. S. ;
Heiken, J. G. ;
Shepard, S. B. ;
Duvall, L. L. ;
||Science Applications International Corp., San Rafael, CA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Ann Arbor, MI. Office of Mobile Sources.
|| Systems Applications International,
Air quality management--United States. ;
Motor vehicles--Motors--Exhaust gas--United States. ;
Choice of transportation--United States.
Exhaust emissions ;
Travel modes ;
Air pollution control ;
Alernative fuels ;
Travel time ;
Travel costs ;
Speed changes ;
Traffic congestion ;
Transportation planning ;
Driver behavior ;
Vehicle air pollution ;
Air quality ;
Transportation control measures(TCMS) ;
Clean Air Act Amendment(CAAA)
||NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||1 online resource ( pages) : illustrations
The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) created a range of new, more stringent transportation control requirements. Major federal agencies such as EPA and the Department of Transportation must work together to ensure that transportation projects further attainment of air quality goals (conformity); the private sector must market a new slate of alternative, less polluting fuels; states must take action in the more serious nonattainment areas to offset any emissions growth related to increased vehicle miles travelled (VMT); and many state and local government agencies must implement transportation control measures (TCMs) that modify driving behavior and limit emissions resulting from traffic congestion. To help understand and meet the new Clean Air Act's requirements, Congress instructed the EPA to publish a number of guidance documents related to transportation control. This document is one of the many EPA-sponsored publications which state and local governments may find useful as they work to achieve their transportation planning goals.
Title from PDF title screen (EPA, viewed Aug. 3, 2011). Final report. "Performed for E.P.A. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards and E.P.A. Office of Mobile Sources." "July 1994." Includes bibliographical references. "EPA-420-R-94-002." "SYSAPP94-92/096."