"Intended for undergraduate and graduate students in conservation biology, natural resource management, and ecology, this book compiles compelling case histories in molecular ecology"--Provided by publisher. "Recent advances in molecular genetics and genomics have been embraced by many in natural resource conservation. Today, several major conservation and management journals are now using "genetics" editors to deal solely with the influx of manuscripts that employ molecular data. The editors have attempted to synthesize some of the major uses of molecular markers in natural resource management in a book targeted not only at scientists but also at individuals actively making conservation and management decisions. To that end, the text features contributors who are major figures in molecular ecology and evolution - many having published books of their own. The aim is to direct and distill the thoughts of these outstanding scientists by compiling compelling case histories in molecular ecology as they apply to natural resource management"--Provided by publisher. Biodiversity discovery and its importance to conservation / Rodney L. Honeycutt, David M. Hillis, and John W. Bickham -- Box 1 : genetic identification of cryptic species : an example in Rhogeessa / Amy B. Baird -- Gene flow, biodiversity, and genetically modified crops : weedy rice in Thailand --Box 2 : environmental risk assessment of genetically engineered salmon / Robert H. Devlin and Fredrik L. Sundstrèom -- A community and ecosystem genetics approach to conservation biology and management / Thomas G. Whitham [and others] -- Box 3 : landscape genetics of an American chestnut borer / Jeffrey D. Holland -- Vertebrate sex-determining genes and their potential utility in conservation, with particular emphasis on fishes / J. Andrew DeWoody, Matthew C. Hale, and John C. Avise -- Box 4 : sex identification and population size of grizzly bears by using noninvasive genetic sampling / Lisette Waits -- Historical and contemporary dynamics and adaptive differentiation in European oaks / Antoine Kremer [and others] -- Box 5 : adaptive shifts in natural populations of high dispersing species / Stephen R. Palumbi -- Association genetics, population genomics, and conservation : revealing the genes underlying adaptation in natural populations of plants and animals / Krista M. Nichols and David B. Neale -- Box 6 : unraveling counterintuitive evolutionary trends : coat color in soay sheep / Jake Gratten [and others] -- Hybridization in threatened and endangered animal taxa : implications for conservation and management of biodiversity / Kelly R. Zamudio and Richard G. Harrison -- Box 7 : mating opportunities in animal hybrid zones / Marjorie Matocq -- Pollen and seed movement in disturbed tropical landscapes / J.L. Hamrick -- Box 8-1 : effective population size / J.L. Hamrick -- Box 8-2 : allelic recharge in populations recovering from bottleneck events / Joseph D. Busch, Jennifer McCreight, and Peter M. Waser -- Implications of landscape alternation for the conservation of genetic diversity of endangered species / Paul L. Leberg [and others] -- Box 9 : dune restoration introduces genetically distinct American beachgrass, ammophila breviligulata, into a threatened local population / Julie R. Etterson and Rebecca M. Holmstrom -- Integrating evolutionary considerations into recovery planning for Pacific salmon / Robin S. Waples [and others] -- Box 10 : the Kermode bear : a swirl of scientific, management, and ethical values in British Columbia / Kermit Ritland -- Using molecular methods to improve the genetic management of captive breeding programs for threatened species / Jamie A. Ivy and Robert C. Lacy -- Box 11 : pedigree reconstruction : an alternative to systematic breeding / Yousry A. El-Kassaby -- Wildlife reintroductions : the conceptual development and application of theory / Olin E. Rhodes, Jr., and Emily K. Latch -- Box 12 : genetic ramifications of restoration of blight-resistant American chestnut / Lisa Worthen, Charles H. Michler, and Keith E. Woeste -- Evolutionary toxicology / Lee R. Shugart, Chris W. Theodorakis, and John W. Bickham -- Box 13 : microarrays and molecular phenotypes / Stan D. Wullschleger and David J. Weston.