In a two-generation reproduction study, male and female Sprague Dawley rats (F0) (20/sex/group) were orally exposed to 4-(trifluoromethyl) chlorobenzene (TFCB) in corn oil vehicle by gavage at dosage levels of 0, 5, 15 or 45 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks prior to mating one-to-one with animals of the same group, and continuing through one reproduction period until F1 litters had been weaned. Randomly selected F1 pups (20/sex/group) were orally exposed to TFCB by gavage at the same concentration as their parents for 90 days and were then sacrificed. Significant differences between treated and control F0 rats were observed in the following: decreased and/or increased weight gain (high- and mid-dose animals). Significant differences between treated and control F1 rats were observed in the following: weight gain (increased for all treated male groups, decreased for high-dose females), decreased monocytes (females at low-dose), increased serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (mid-dose females), increased mean pups/litter (combined sexes of pups for low- and mid-dose groups, female pups of mid-dose group), increased percentage surviving pups and pup weights (all treated groups), decreased erythrocyte counts (low-dose females), decreased mean corpuscular hemoglobin (all treated male groups and high-dose females), increased mean corpuscular volume (high-dose females), and an increase in pathology of the lung including bronchopneumonia, adenomous hyperplasia, and inflammatory cell infiltrates (all treated groups). No significant differences between treated and control F0 rats were observed in the following: mortalities, urinalysis, and dam weights. No significant differences between treated and control F1 rats were observed in the following: mortalities, clinical chemistry values, urinalysis, and absolute or relative organ weights.