Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 38 OF 57

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Sensitivity of the Regional Water Balance in the Columbia River Basin to Climate Variability: Application of a Spatially Distributed Water Balance Model.
Author Dolph, J. ; Marks, D. ; King, G. ;
CORP Author ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc., Corvallis, OR.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Publisher 1991
Year Published 1991
Report Number EPA/600/D-91/184;
Stock Number PB91-226522
Additional Subjects Water balance ; Columbia River Basin ; Climatic changes ; Air-biosphere interactions ; Mathematical models ; Spatial distribution ; Regional analysis ; Hydrology ; Air pollution ; Soil water ; Precipitation(Meteorology) ; Evaporation ; Runoff ; Evapotranspiration ;
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
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Status
NTIS  PB91-226522 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 11/26/1991
Collation 62p
Abstract
A one-dimensional water balance model was developed and used to simulate water balance for the Columbia River Basin. The model was run over a 10 km x 10 km grid for the United State's portion of the basin. The regional water balance was calculated using a monthly time-step for a relatively wet year, a relatively dry year, and for a double CO2 climate scenario. Input data, spatially distributed over the grid, included precipitation, maximum soil storage retention capacity, potential evapotranspiration (ET), runoff and soil storage. Model performance was assessed by comparing modeled ET and runoff with the input precipitation data, and by comparing modeled runoff with measured runoff. The model reasonably partitions incoming precipitation to evapotranspiration and runoff. However, modeled total annual runoff was significantly less than measured runoff, primarily because precipitation is underestimated by the network of measurement stations and because of limitations associated with the interpolation procedure used to distribute the precipitation across the grid.