||Health Effects Among Newborns after Prenatal Exposure to ClO2-Disinfected Drinking Water.
Tuthill, Robert W. ;
Giusti, Ruth Ann ;
Moore, Gary S. ;
Calabrese, Edward J. ;
||Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. Dept. of Public Health.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Chlorine dioxide ;
Water pollution effects(Humans) ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
Because chlorination of potable surface waters may be associated with increased risk of carcinogenicity, substitute methods for the routine disinfection of public water supplies are being explored. As part of this search, it is especially important that the potential health effects of each alternative method should be considered. Chemical treatment of drinking water by chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is a likely alternative mode of disinfection. Two common by-products of the ClO2 disinfection of surface water are chlorate and chlorite. These oxidants may have negative health effects on certain high risk groups. Newborns, in particular, would seem to be at increased risk to red cell damage from oxidant stress.