Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Industrial Chemicals Solid Waste Generation. The Significance of Process Change, Resource Recovery, and Improved Disposal.
Author Saxton, James C. ; Kramer., Marc ;
CORP Author IR and T, Arlington, Va.
Year Published 1974
Report Number IRT-325-R; EPA-68-03-0138;
Stock Number PB-233 464
Additional Subjects Solid waste disposal ; Industrial waste disposal ; Hazardous materials ; Chemical industry ; Water pollution ; Process variables ; Cost estimates ; Materials recovery ; Alkalies ; Chlorine ; Dyes ; Pigments ; Phosphates ; Sludge ; Organic chemistry ; Inorganic chemistry ; Tables(Data) ; Incinerators ; Lagoons(Ponds) ; Waste recycling ; Water pollution control ; Ocean waste disposal ; Sanitary landfills
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-233 464 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 155p
The study characterizes the process-related solid wastes produced during manufacture of industrial chemicals, SIC Group 281. Thirty three chemicals were selected that: possess significant resource value, pose a difficult solid waste disposal problem, and/or have markedly deleterious properties, e.g., toxicity. The selected chemicals composed 40% of 1971 group output and an estimated 95% of the group's solid waste. Fifteen of the chemicals are undergoing process substitutions; in every case the newer process generates less solid waste. Most of wastes are of intrinsically low value, so resource recovery is seldom economic. Inorganics account for over 90% of total disposal cost, due to large waste volume from ore-related processes, such as alumina and phosphoric acid. Organics appear to pose little disposal problem. Elimination of water discharge doubles the disposal cost of the 33 chemicals.