Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 10 OF 29

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Hynol Process Evaluation.
Author Borgwardt, R. H. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.
Publisher Dec 97
Year Published 1997
Report Number EPA/600/R-97/153;
Stock Number PB98-127319
Additional Subjects Biomass conversion plants ; Fuel cells ; Chemical feedstocks ; Waste utilization ; Motor vehicles ; Fuel cycle ; Hydrogen ; Chemical reactors ; Carbon dioxide ; Carbinols ; Gasification ; Pyrolysis ; Chemical reaction kinetics ; Greenhouse gases ; Air pollution abatement ; Devolatilization ; Gas flow ; Natural gas ; Hynol process ; Hydrogasification
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB98-127319 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 07/03/1998
Collation 222p
Abstract
The report examines process alternatives for the optimal use of natural gas and biomass for production of fuel-cell vehicle (FCV) fuel, emphasizing maximum displacement of petroleum and maximum reduction of overall fuel-cycle carbon oxide (CO2) emissions at least cost. Three routes are evaluated: (1) production of methanol from biomass and from natural gas by independent processes, (2) production of methanol or hydrogen by hydrogasification of biomass using natural gas as co-feedstock supplemented with, and without, the use of carbonaceous municipal wastes as co-feedstocks, and (3) production of methanol or hydrogen by addition of natural gas to a biomass-to-methanol process originally designed for biomass only. The results show that the combined use of natural gas and biomass in a single process can reduce net fuel-cycle CO2 emissions by 20% relative to separate systems and reduce the cost of fuel production to a range competitive with the current cost of gasoline.