||Application of Multimedia Exposure Assessment to Drinking Water.
Hedden, Kenneth F. ;
Mulkey, Lee A. ;
Tucker, William A. ;
||Environmental Research Lab., Athens, GA.
Potable water ;
Water pollution ;
Chemical compounds ;
Water quality ;
Mathematical models ;
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A potentially important exposure route for humans is the ingestion of chemicals via drinking water. If comprehensive exposure assessments are to be completed for either existing or proposed new chemicals and cost effective control strategies develop, then a quantitative understanding of multimedia transport and fate of specific chemical pollutants must be achieved. Mathematical models provide a powerful framework into which quantitative relationships may be placed to provide guidance in reaching water quality goals. Existing, state-of-the-art media-specific toxic organic transport and fate models for atmospheric (DiDOT), land surface (NPS) and surface water processes (EXAMS) and potable water treatment (WTP) have been linked to demonstrate the technical feasibility of such an approach. Limited application and sensitivity testing of this linked modeling system has shown that the impact of various source loadings and control strategies on drinking water can be estimated.