Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 35 OF 904

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Ammonia removal from agricultural runoff and secondary effluents by selected ion exchange. {microform}.
CORP Author Pacific Northwest Laboratory.
Publisher Federal Water Pollution Control Adm.,
Year Published 1969
Report Number WPRD 26 01; 5,; 5
Stock Number PB-187 759
OCLC Number 54352040
Additional Subjects ( Ammonia ; Water pollution) ; ( Ion exchange ; Ammonia) ; Pilot plants ; Calcium oxides ; Silicates ; Water treatment ; Zeolites ; Clinoptilolite ; Agricltural wastes ; Strippers
Holdings
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Status
NTIS  PB-187 759 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation iv, 52 p. : graphs, append. ; 28 cm.
Abstract
A selective ion exchange process was developed for the removal of ammonia nitrogen from wastewater. The process employs a natural zeolite, clinoptilolite, which is selective for ammonium ions in the presence of sodium, magnesium, and calcium ions. Regeneration of the exhausted clinoptilolite is accomplished with solutions or slurries containing lime. Lime provides hydroxyl ions which react with the ammonium ions to yield an alkaline aqueous ammonia solution. This ammonia solution is processed through an air stripping tower to remove the ammonia which is exhausted harmlessly to the atmosphere. The spent regenerant is then fortified with more lime and recycled to the zeolite bed to remove more ammonia. Since the regenerant is not discarded, the process generates no liquid wastes. The ion exchange equilibria of four zeolites was investigated and clinoptilolite was selected for further study on the basis of its ammonium ion selectively and low cost. Operation of the mobile plant with secondary effluent resulted in ammonia removals of 97 and 93 percent at 70,000 and 100,000 gallons per day respectively; thus demonstrating that selective ion exchange provides a highly effective means for removing ammonia from wastewater. (Author)
Notes
TWRC-5. For: Advanced Waste Treatment Research Laboratory, Robert A. Taft Water Resource Center. Grant #WPRD 26-01. Microfiche.