Genetic Processes in Tropical Forests -- - Genetics of Tropical Forests -- Population Genetics - an Overview -- Genetic Variation of Tropical Forest Plants -- Sexual and Asexual Reproduction in Tropical Forests -- Gene Flow and Migration -- Mating Systems -- Adaptation and Coevolution -- Phylogenies and Evolution Above the Species Level -- Applications of Genetics to Tropical Forestry -- Fragmentation of Forests -- Genetic Aspects of the Management of Natural Tropical Forests -- Provenance Research -- Domestication and Breeding of Tropical Forest Trees -- Genetic Aspects of Plantation Forestry in the Tropics -- Conservation of Genetic Resources in Tropical Forest Trees. Tropical forests harbour much of the planet's genetic resources, and therefore their conservation and sustainable utilization are matters of global concern. Evolutionary processes in both untouched and managed forests are described, as is the role of genetics in plantation forestry and conservation. This book provides a solid scientific basis for researchers, practitioners and students interested in the application of genetic principles to tropical forest ecology and management. It presents a concise overview of genetic variation, evolutionary processes and the human impact on forest genetic resources in the tropics. As well, modern tools to assess genetic diversity patterns and the dynamics of genetic structures are introduced to the non-specialist reader.