||The use of starling nest boxes for field reproductive studies : provisional guidance document and technical support document /
Kendall, R. J. ;
Brewer, L. W. ;
Lacher, T. E. ;
Whitten, M. L. ;
Marden, B. T.
||Huxley Coll. of Environmental Studies, Bellingham, WA.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Research Laboratory,
Toxic substances ;
Sturnus vulgaris ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||91 pages ; 28 cm
The report proposes nest box field testing guidelines for determining reproductive effects of agricultural pesticides on European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) and provides background information and justification for the procedures and methodology described. Investigation of the effects of pesticides on birds has generally been limited to either laboratory tests of pen-reared species or to small-scale studies of captive birds. Previous studies have focused mainly on gallinaceous and/or waterfowl species. The information on the toxicity of various compounds to these species has been extrapolated to other bird species, inherently introducing a substantial amount of potential error. In order to reduce this error, it is necessary to expand the number of species tested and vary the conditions under which the testing occurs.
"R.S. Bennett, project officer." "B.T. Marden, editor." Caption title. "June 1989." "EPA/600/8-89/056." Microfiche.