Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 121 OF 247
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Microbial Plant Pathogens-Detection and Disease Diagnosis: Viral and Viroid Pathogens, Vol.3 / [electronic resource] :|
|Subjects||Life sciences. ; Microbiology. ; Plant diseases. ; Plant breeding. ; Entomology. ; Cytology--Research_xMethodology.|
|Collation||XXI, 321 p. online resource.|
Due to license restrictions, this resource is available to EPA employees and authorized contractors only
Chapter 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Microbial plant pathogens as a major limiting factor of crop production -- 1.2 Discovery of viruses and viroids as plant pathogens -- 1.3 Detection of viral and viroid plant pathogens and disease diagnosis -- References -- Chapter 2 Detection of Viral and Viroid Pathogens in Plants -- 2.1 Detection of viruses in plant organs -- 2.2 Detection of viroids in plant organs -- 2.3 Detection of viral pathogens in seeds and planting materials -- 2.4 Detection of viroids in seeds and planting materials -- Appendix -- References -- Chapter 3 Detection of Viral and Viroid Plant Pathogens in the Environment -- 3.1 Detection of plant viruses in environment -- 3.2 Detection of viroids in the environment -- Appendix -- References Chapter 4 Assessment of Variability in Plant Viral and Viroid Pathogens -- 4.1 Assessment of variability in plant viral pathogens -- 4.2 Assessment of variability in viroid pathogens -- Chapter 5 Diagnosis of Viral and Viroid Diseases -- 5.1 Choice of diagnostic tests for viral diseases -- 5.2 Choice of diagnostic tests for viroid diseases -- 5.3 Agencies involved in disease diagnosis -- References. Viruses, with the primitive structural features are capable of causing diseases in all life forms on the earth. With limited morphological characteristics of the virus particles and lack of physiological functions, the need for the development of techniques based on the characteristics of the viral proteins and genomic nucleic acids was realized in order to detect, identify, differentiate and quantify viruses in the infected plants/planting materials with or without symptoms of infection. Immunoassays based on the antigenic properties of viral capsid proteins have been successfully applied for the detection of viruses in the symptomatic and asymptomatic crop and weed host plant species as well as in the vectors that are involved in the transmission of the viruses infecting crop plants. Development of monoclonal antibody technology has enhanced the sensitivity and specificity of immunoassays especially applied for the differentiation of strains of viruses with different virulence levels. Nucleic acid-based techniques have been demonstrated to have higher levels of sensitivity, specificity, reliability, reproducibility and rapidity. The viroids with only an RNA molecule have been detected by techniques based on the biological characteristics in certain cases. Application of immunoassays for viroid detection is not feasible because of the absence of a protein component that is present in the viruses. Nucleic acid-based techniques are the most reliable and sensitive tests for detection, identification and differentiation of viroids present in plants and planting materials. With the aim of providing a comprehensive knowledge of detection of viruses and viroids and diagnosis of the diseases caused by them, information distilled from extensive literature search is presented to fulfil the requirements of the researchers, teachers and graduate students of various disciplines of biological sciences. Inclusion of numerous protocols in appropriate chapters as appendix is a unique feature of this volume to enable the scientists to select the suitable methods for the various investigations.