Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 235 OF 1241

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Characteristics of Klebsiella from Textile Finishing Plant Effluents.
Author Dufour, A. P. ; Cabelli, Victor J. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Narragansett, RI.
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA/600/J-76/096;
Stock Number PB-299 251
Additional Subjects Bacteria ; Klebsiella ; Textile industry ; Industrial wastes ; Textile finishing ; Indicator species ; Caliform bacteria ; Characteristics ; Streams ; Feces ; Water pollution ; Concentration(Composition) ; Biochemistry ; Mice ; Humans ; Reprints ; Bioindicators ; Pathogens ; Serotyping
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NTIS  PB-299 251 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 11p
Abstract
A survey of bacteria in a stream receiving wastes from a textile finishing plant revealed an abnormally high number of Klebsiella in the absence of any source of fecal pollution. The density at times reached as high as 1 x 10000000 cells per milli-liter. Since this genus constitutes a part of the coliform group that is used as an index of fecal pollution and since some of its members are recognized as opportunistic pathogens, a more extensive study of randomly selected strains was carried out. Forty-nine isolates were characterized relative to their biochemical reactions, serotypes and pathogenicity for mice. All isolates conformed to the commonly accepted biochemical reaction scheme for Klebsiella. Of the strains serotyped, about one-fourth were found to be types commonly associated with human infections. Similarly, about one-fifth of the isolates examined were pathogenic for mice. These findings suggest first, that waters receiving wastes from textile finishing plants may present a false indication of human fecal pollution and second, these waters may be a reservoir of potential pathogens for those individuals predisposed to infection by Klebsiella species.