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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Bio-Optics of the Chesapeake Bay from Measurements and Radiative Transfer Calculations.
Author Tzortziou, M. ; Herman, J. R. ; Gallegos, C. L. ; Neale, P. J. ; Subramaniam, A. ;
CORP Author Maryland Univ.
Publisher 2005
Year Published 2005
Report Number EPA-R826943-01-0;
Stock Number N20050210070
Additional Subjects Backscattering ; Optical measurement ; Radiative transfer ; Optical properties ; In situ measurement ; Chesapeake bay(Us) ; Scattering functions ; Particulates ;
Holdings
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Status
NTIS  N20050210070 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 09/04/2006
Collation 56p
Abstract
We combined detailed bio-optical measurements and radiative transfer (RT) modeling to perform an optical closure experiment for optically complex and biologically productive Chesapeake Bay waters. We used this experiment to evaluate certain assumptions commonly used when modeling bio-optical processes, and to investigate the relative importance of several optical characteristics needed to accurately model and interpret remote sensing ocean-color observations in these Case 2 waters. Direct measurements were made of the magnitude, variability, and spectral characteristics of backscattering and absorption that are critical for accurate parameterizations in satellite bio-optical algorithms and underwater RT simulations. We found that the ratio of backscattering to total scattering in the mid-mesohaline Chesapeake Bay varied considerably depending on particulate loading, distance from land, and mixing processes, and had an average value of 0.0128 at 530 nm. Incorporating information on the magnitude, variability, and spectral characteristics of particulate backscattering into the RT model, rather than using a volume scattering function commonly assumed for turbid waters, was critical to obtaining agreement between RT calculations and measured radiometric quantities. In situ measurements of absorption coefficients need to be corrected for systematic overestimation due to scattering errors, and this correction commonly employs the assumption that absorption by particulate matter at near infrared wavelengths is zero.