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RECORD NUMBER: 48 OF 69

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Physics of the Upper Polar Atmosphere [electronic resource] /
Type EBOOK
Author Brekke, Asgeir.
Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer,
Year Published 2013
Call Number GE1-350
ISBN 9783642274015
Subjects Environmental sciences. ; Meteorology. ; Astrophysics. ; Physical geography.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27401-5
Collation XXV, 384 p. 236 illus., 10 illus. in color. online resource.
Notes
Due to license restrictions, this resource is available to EPA employees and authorized contractors only
Contents Notes
1. The Sun as a radiation source -- 1.1 General about the Sun -- 1.2 The solar atmosphere -- 1.3 The electromagnetic radiation from the Sun -- 1.4 Planck's radiation law -- 1.5 The greenhouse effect -- 1.6 Radiowave emissions from the Sun.-1.7 The sunspots - Solar cycle.-1.8 The electromagnetic radiation from the disturbed Sun.- 1.9 Particle emissions from the quiet Sun.-1.10 Fluid flow in a nozzle -- 1.11 The solar wind equation -- 1.12 The frozen-in field concept 1.13 The garden hose effect -- 1.14 Exercises.- 2. The atmosphere of the Earth 2.1 Nomenclature -- 2.2 The temperature structure of the atmosphere -- 2.3 Atmospheric drag on satellites -- 2.4 The atmosphere as an ideal gas -- 2.5 The exosphere -- 2.6 Height-dependent temperature -- 2.7 The adiabatic lapse rate.- 2.8 Diffusion -- 2.9 The equation of motion of the neutral gas -- 2.10 The geostrophic and thermal winds -- 2.11 The wind systems of the upper atmosphere.- 2.12 Observations of the neutral wind -- 2.13 Collisions between particles -- 2.14 Collisions in gases with different temperatures -- 2.15 Drag effects -- 2.16 Thermospheric neutral winds -- 2.17 The E-region winds -- 2.18 Observations of E-region neutral winds -- 2.19 The vertical motion -- 2.20 Exercises -- 3. The Earth's magnetic field and magnetosphere -- 3.1 An historical introduction -- 3.2 Description of the Earth's magnetic field -- 3.3 Mathematical representation of the Earth's magnetic system -- 3.4 Secular variations in the Earth's magnetic field -- 3.5 Tracing the magnetic field lines -- 3.6 E-field mapping along conducting magnetic field lines -- 3.7 The source of the magnetic field of the Earth -- 3.8 The unipolar inductor.- 3.9 The magnetic field away from the Earth.- 3.10 The magnetic tail -- 3.11 Magnetic field merging -- 3.12 Effects of the magnetic force -- 3.13 The energy flux into the magnetosphere.-3.14 Some aspects of the energy balance -- 3.15 Magnetic field convection -- 3.16 High-latitude convection patterns and field-aligned currents 3.17 Exercises -- 4. The ionosphere -- 4.1 The production of ionization by solar radiation -- 4.2 The ionization profile of the upper atmosphere -- 4.3 The Chapman ionization profile -- 4.4 The recombination process -- 4.5 The O+ dominant ionosphere -- 4.6 Ambipolar diffusion -- 4.7 Multicomponent topside ionosphere -- 4.8 Diffusion in the presence of a magnetic field -- 4.9 The E-layer ionization and recombination -- 4.10 The time constant of the recombination process.-4.11 The D-region ionization and recombination -- 4.12 Equatorial fountain effect -- 4.13 Ferraro's theorem -- 4.14 The magnetospheric convection close to the Earth 4.15 Exercises .-5 Currents in the ionosphere -- 5.1 The steady-state approach -- 5.2 Rotation of the ion velocity by height in the ionosphere -- 5.3 The current density in the ionosphere -- 5.4 Height-dependent currents and heating rates -- 5.5 Heating due to collisions -- 5.6 Heating of an oscillating electric field -- 5.7 Currents due to gravity and diffusion -- 5.8 Exercises.- 6. Magnetic fluctuations in response to height-integrated currents -- 6.1 Height-integrated currents and conductance -- 6.2 Magnetic field fluctuations from auroral currents -- 6.3 Equivalent current systems -- 6.4 Equivalent currents at different latitudes -- 6.5 The Sq current system -- 6.6 Mapping of E-fields in the ionosphere -- 6.7 Polarization fields around an auroral arc -- 6.8 Currents related to an auroral arc -- 6.9 Exercises -- 7 The aurora -- 7.1 An historical introduction -- 7.2 The height of the aurora -- 7.3 The occurrence frequency of the aurora -- 7.4 The global distribution of the aurora -- 7.5 The auroral appearance -- 7.6 Auroral particles -- 7.7 Precipitation patterns of auroral particles -- 7.8 The energy deposition profiles of auroral particles -- 7.9 Deriving energy spectra from electron density profiles -- 7.10 Excitation processes in the aurora.-7.11 The quenching process -- 7.12 The proton aurora -- 7.13 Exercises References Symbols Index. This is the only extended textbook that covers in particular the physics of the upper polar atmosphere where the polar lights demonstrates the end product of a process taking place at extremely high latitudes between the solar wind and the upper polar atmosphere. A textboook that meets the modern requriement for reading in order to obtain a master of science or a Dr. of science degree in upper polar atmosphere physics or the interaction between the soalr wind and the Earth's atmosphere