Preface -- 1: Electrodynamics, Coupling Processes, Large and Small Scale Structures of the Ionosphere/ Atmosphere -- Modeling lectromagnetic signature of thermospheric winds -- The ionosphere under an extremely quiet Sun -- Electrodynamic forcing of ionosphere from above and below -- Low latitude ionospheric and thermospheric dynamics from meridonal ionosondes -- Equatorial plasma bubble from magnetospheric forcing -- Variablity of quiet time low latitude ionospheric plasma drifts -- Lessons on thermosphere-ionosphere from champ mission -- Radio and optical investigations of the low-latitude ionosphere-thermosphere system -- Influences on the development equatorial ionospheric irregularities -- Atomic oxygen in the upper mesosphere from Saber -- Longitudinal structure of mid-low-latitude ionosphere from FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC and GPS network -- Equatorial ionization anomaly, thermospheric winds and geomagnetic field secular variation -- Day-to-day variability in equatorial spread-F -- Analysis of TLES observed in the southeastern US -- How to simulate sprite discharges in laboratory and computer -- RISING satellite observation and ground-based network -- Longitudinal difference of the PMSE at high arctic latitudes -- Mesospheric aerosol: an overview from ECOMA-project -- Meteoric aerosols in the middle atmosphere -- First satellite observations of meteoric smoke in the upper atmosphere -- In situ measurements of small-scale dynamics in the polar Summer mesosphere -- Gravity wave properties in the Summer polar regions. 2: Structure, Variability and Coupling Processes in the Middle Atmosphere-Thermosphere -- Gravity wave coupling into the thermosphere and ionosphere under varying solar conditions -- Gravity wave coupling into the tropical MLT -- Tides from models and observations: results from cawses tidal campaigns -- Nonmigrating diurnal tides in the thermosphere -- Planetary wave coupling of atmosphere-ionosphere: results from February-April 2008 CAWSES-India campaign -- Mesosphere-ionosphere coupling from penetration of gravity waves in the equatorial region -- Gravity wave coupling from lower altitudes to thermosphere/ionosphere: neutral- plasma responses -- Longitudinal difference in mesosphere/lower thermosphere structures from lidar, airglow radar measurements -- The causal link of the DE-3 tide, vertical drift, and plasma density -- Nonmigrating tidal signals in the thermospheric zonal wind as seen by CHAMP and TIME-GCM -- Inter-annual variability and aeronomic implications of nonmigrating tides forced by tropical convection -- The 8-hour tide in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere over Maui -- Coupling between tropo-strato-mesosphere-lower thermosphere and ionosphere through waves and oscillations: Results from MIDAS -- Propagation and filtering of gravity waves from deep convection in the thermosphere and F region at equatorial latitudes -- Recent experiments of atmospheric coupling processes in the equatorial region over Brazil -- Characteristics of temperature and density structures in the equatorial thermosphere simulated by a whole atmosphere GCM -- Climatology of the ~5-day rossby and ~6-day Kelvin waves seen in the Saber/timed temperatures (2002-2007).- 3: Ionosphere -Thermosphere Responses to Magnetospheric Forcing -- Promt penetration electric field and neutral wind dynamo in ionosphere/thermosphere: observations and simulations -- Magnetospheric electric fields and low latitude ionosphere during geomagnetic storms -- The coupled thermosphere-ionosphere system with external influence -- Modeling the impact of the storm time electric fields on the redistribution of the low latitude ionosphere -- Disturbance electric field effects on equatorial evening vertical drift and spread F development -- Super plasma fountain and ionospheric storms.- 4: Plasmasphere, Radiation Belt and Energetic Particle Precipitation in the Atmosphere -- Energetic electron losses from the radiation belts -- Modeling wave-particle scattering and loss from the radiation belts -- Balloon observations of relativistic electron precipitation and the barrel experiment -- Remote sensing the dynamics of the ionosphere-plasmasphere system by ground-based ULF wave observations -- Empirical electron density models for the inner magnetosphere -- Recent results from spectrographic correlation of whistler-mode signals -- 5: Trends and Changes in the Atmosphere and Ionospheres -- Long-term trends in the upper atmosphere - recent progress -- Emperature response to solar activity in the MLT-region? An update -- Mesospheric gravity wave activity at mid and high latitudes and the dependence on the solar cycle -- F2-layer parameters as a source of information on trends in thermospheric winds -- Separation of chemically and dynamically induced ozone trends in winterly northern latitudes -- Eight years of PMC observations from ODIN/OSIRIS -- Stratospheric and solar cycle effects on long term variability of mesospheric ice clouds -- Index. This book is a multi-author treatise on the most outstanding research problems in the field of the aeronomy of the Earth's atmosphere and ionosphere, encompassing the science covered by the Division II of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA). It contains several review articles and detailed papers by leading scientists in the field. The book is organized in 5 parts: 1) Mesosphere-Lower Thermosphere Dynamics and Chemistry; 2) Vertical Coupling by Upward Propagating Waves; 3) Ionospheric Electrodynamics and Structuring; 4) Thermosphere- Ionosphere Coupling, Dynamics and Trends and 5) Ionosphere-Thermosphere Disturbances and Modeling. The book consolidates the progress acheived in the field in recent years and it serves as a useful reference for graduate students as well as experienced researchers. .