Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 445 OF 3040

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Assessment of the Critical Populations at Risk Due to Radiation Exposure in Structures.
Author Kahn, Bernard ; Eichholz, Geoffrey G. ; Clarke, Frank J. ;
CORP Author Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta. School of Nuclear Engineering.;Office of Radiation Programs, Washington, DC.
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-68-01-4601;
Stock Number PB81-103764
Additional Subjects Irradiation ; Structures ; Radiation dosage ; Risk ; Assessments ; Exposure ; Surveys ; Procedures ; Cost effectiveness ; Buildings ;
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB81-103764 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 116p
Abstract
In preparation for a survey of radiation doses in U.S. structures, information on survey criteria, techniques, and results was reviewed and evaluated, some survey procedures and calculational methods were developed and tested, and a protocol for a nationwide survey was prepared. Measures to prevent or remedy significantly elevated doses from building materials were reviewed from the viewpoint of cost-effectiveness, application of several measures was recommended under specific conditions, and a selected method was tested. In the U.S., building materials may contain elevated levels of radionuclides if they contain shale, granite, and pumice among naturally occurring materials, and phosphate slag, phosphogypsum, and fly ash among industrial byproducts. Some additional materials have been identified in other countries. The highest gamma radiation exposure rates found in U.S. structures due to building materials are attributed to concrete that contains phosphate slag from the thermal process for phosphorus production.