Biorational Pest Control - An Overview -- Agonists/Antagonists of the Insect Kinin and Pyrokinin/PBAN Neuropeptide Classes as Tools for Rational Pest Control -- Rational Design of Insect Control Agents: The PK/PBAN Family as a Study Case -- Tyramine and Octopamine Receptors as a Source of Biorational Insecticides -- Recent Advances in the Mode of Action of Juvenile Hormones and Their Analogs -- ?-Aminobutyric Acid Receptors: A Rationale for Developing Selective Insect Pest Control Chemicals -- Natural Products: Plant Lectins as Important Tools in Controlling Pest Insects -- Genetically Modified Insects as a Tool for Biorational Control -- Symbiosis Research as a Novel Strategy for Insect Pest Control -- Novel Approaches for the Management of Mealybug Pests -- Manipulation of Insect Signaling for Monitoring and Control of Pest Insects -- Physical Control: An Important Tool in Pest Management Programs -- A Systems Approach to IPM Integration, Ecological Assessment and Resistance Management in Tree Fruit Orchards -- Mechanisms of Acaricide Resistance in the Two-Spotted Spider Mite Tetranychus urticae. Among the highlights of this book are the use of selective control agents acting on specific biochemical sites such as neuropeptides, ecdysteroids and juvenile hormone analogs; GABA, ACh, ryanodine and octopamine receptors; pheromone and insect communication disruption along with plant constituents for selectively controlling arthropod pests. Novel biotechnology strategies that exploit genetically modified plants, insects, and symbionts for the management of insect pests and disease-borne vectors are presented. Furthermore, physical control techniques can serve as important tools to protect our crops from arthropod pests. Finally, countermeasures for resistance to biorational control agents using advanced biological and biochemical approaches are also discussed.