||Economic analysis for the proposed revisions to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System regulation and the effluent guidelines for concentrated animal feeding operations.
||Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Water.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
||EPA 821-R-01-001; EPA/821/R-01/002
Animal feeding--Environmental aspects. ;
Effluent quality--Cost effectiveness. ;
Livestock--Manure--Environmental aspects. ;
Environmental benefits ;
Economic benefits ;
Human health ;
Surface water ;
Water quality ;
Fish kills ;
Permit requirements ;
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System ;
Concentrated animal feeding operations ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||560 pages : illustrations, map
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is revising and updating the two primary regulations that ensure that manure, wastewater, and other process waters generated by concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) do not impair water quality. EPA's proposed regulatory changes affect the existing National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) provisions that define and establish permit requirements for CAFOs, and the existing effluent limitations guidelines (ELGs) for feedlots, which establish the technology-based effluent discharge standard that is applied to specified CAFOs. Both of these existing regulations were orginally promulgated in the 1970s. EPA is revising the regulations to address changes that have occurred in the animal industry sectors over the last 25 years, to clarify and improve implementation of CAFO requirements, and to improve the environmental protection achieved under these rules. This report addresses the environmental and economic benefits of several alternative regulatory scenarios, including two scenarios that EPA is proposing.
"EPA 821-R-01-001"--Cover. "January, 2001." "Office of Water"--Cover. Includes bibliographical references. Microfiche.