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RECORD NUMBER: 18 OF 91

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of Aniline and Three Derivatives on Laboratory Microecosystems.
Author Yount, J. D. ; Shannon, L. J. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, MN. ;Minnesota Univ.-Duluth. Dept. of Biology.
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/J-87/126;
Stock Number PB88-144365
Additional Subjects Anilines ; Toxicology ; Bacteria ; Algae ; Protozoa ; Cladocera ; Reprints ; Ecosystems ; Microecosystems
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Status
NTIS  PB88-144365 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/21/1988
Collation 9p
Abstract
Generic mixed-flask microcosms were used to evaluate ecosystem responses to aniline and three closely related compounds-2,6-diisopropylaniline, 4-hexyloxyaniline and 2,3,5,6-tetrachloroaniline. Toxicity was determined on both an acute and chronic basis using changes in ecosystem -level variables (pH and dissolved oxygen levels) as indicators of effect. These calculated toxicity values were then compared with reported toxicity data on bacteria, algae, protozoa and Cladocera to evaluate the relative sensitivity of the method. The relative toxicities of the tested compounds were the same in microcosm tests as in the available single-species tests, but the range between the most and least toxic as determined by the microcosm test was smaller by an order of magnitude. Aniline was the least toxic, followed, in order of increasing toxicity, by 2,6-diisopropylaniline, 4-hexyloxyaniline and 2,3,5,6-tetrachloroaniline. The minimum effect concentrations determined for these compounds were generally lower than reported literature values, suggesting that the method does not sacrifice sensitivity in providing an integrated picture of ecosystem-level effects.