At the request of local officials, a survey of the air pollution situation in Birmingham and Jefferson County, Alabama, was made by the Community Air Pollution Program of the Public Health Service. The scope of the survey was limited to collection and review of existing pertinent data, interviews with local officials, and the personal observations of two investigators. General factors affecting air pollution included population, general character of industry and employment, land use, topographical features, and meteorological factors. Sources of pollution were fuel use, industrial activities, and refuse disposal. Substantial air pollution was found, and a county-wide control program, more effective legislation, adequate personnel, and facilities were recommended.