Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 879 OF 894
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Vapor-phase organic pollutants : volatile hydrocarbons and oxidation products /|
|CORP Author||National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Panel on Vapor-Phase Organic Pollutants.;Health Effects Research Triangle Park, N.C.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Health Effects Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,|
|Report Number||EPA 600/1-75/005; EPA-68-02-0542; PB249357|
|Stock Number||PB 249 357|
|Subjects||Air--Pollution--Physiological effect. ; Hydrocarbons. ; Oxidation.|
|Additional Subjects||Toxicology ; Air pollution ; Atmospheric chemistry ; Hydrocarbons ; Oxidation ; Public health ; Exhaust gases ; Combustion products ; Sources ; Industrial plants ; Oxygen organic compounds ; Decomposition reactions ; Lower atmosphere ; Vapor phases ; Ozone ; Epoxy compounds ; Particles ; Photochemical reactions ; Smog ; Epidemiology ; Chemical reaction mechanisms ; Air pollution effects(Humans)|
|Collation||ix, 660 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.|
This report concerns vapor-phase substances likely to be produced as community pollutants in sufficient amounts to affect health and well-being. Sources of vapor-phase organic pollutants are listed, including collection and sampling techniques and analytical methods. Possible mechanisms of formation of oxygenated organic hydrocarbon compounds in the atmosphere and of atmospheric reactions of oxides of nitrogen and sulfur are studied. Toxicologic, pathophysiologic, and epidemiologic information on vapor-phase organic pollutants is reviewed, their metabolism, and their effects on the total environment. Special attention is given to oxidized compounds, formaldehyde, ozone, and benzene. The report stresses the importance of oxidation reactions in the vapor-phase and the human health hazards produced from the more or less transient products of oxidation. The review of metabolism indicates that, although vapor-phase hydrocarbon pollutants are modified usually by enzymatic oxidation within mammalian systems from nonpolar to polar compounds (which are then excreted by the kidney), this sometimes occurs with the production of toxic intermediates. These reactions occur mostly in the liver and to a lesser extent in the kidney, intestine, and lung.
"EPA-600/1-75-005." Contract No. 68-02-0542; Project Officer: F. Gordon Hueter. Includes bibliographical references (p. 478-659).