||Burning tires for fuel and tire pyrolysis : air implications /
Clark, Charlotte. ;
Meardon, K. ;
||Pacific Environmental Services, Inc., Durham, NC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Control Technology Center.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards,
Air pollution control ;
Refuse derived fuels ;
Solid waste disposal ;
Environmental effects ;
Air pollution control equipment ;
Combustion products ;
Energy sources ;
Portland cement ;
Paper industry ;
Electric utilities ;
Industrial plants ;
Waste tires ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||234 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
The document was developed in response to increasing inquiries into the environmental impacts of burning waste tires in process equipment. The document provides information on the use of whole, scrap tires and tire-derived-fuel (TDF) as combustion fuel and on the pyrolysis of scrap tires. The use of whole tires and TDF as a primary fuel is discussed for dedicated tire-to-energy facilities. The use of whole tires and TDF as a supplemental fuel is discussed for cement manufacturing plants, electric utilities, pulp and paper mills, and other industrial processes. The focus of the document is on the impact of burning whole tires and TDF on air emissions. Test data are presented and, in most instances, compared with emissions under baseline conditions (no tires or TDF in the fuel). The control devices used in these industries are discussed and, where possible, their effectiveness in controlling emissions from the burning of whole tires or TDF is described. In addition, the report provides information on the processes themselves that use whole tires or TDF, the modifications to the processes that allowed the use of whole tires or TDF, and the operational experiences of several facilities using whole tires or TDF. The economic feasibility of using whole tires and TDF for the surveyed industries is discussed. Finally, contacts for State waste tire programs are presented.
"Pacific Environmental Services"--Added title page. "December 1991." Includes bibliographical references. "EPA-450/3-91-024." Microfiche.