Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Source assessment, charcoal manufacturing : state of the art /
Author Moscowitz, C. M.
CORP Author Monsanto Research Corp., Dayton, OH.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Protection Agency ; Available through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/2-78-004z; MRC-DA-772; EPA-68-02-1874
Stock Number PB-290 125
OCLC Number 04620777
Subjects Charcoal. ; Air--Pollution--Measurement.
Additional Subjects Air pollution ; Charcoal ; Air pollution control ; Manufacturing ; Assessments ; Sources ; Particles ; Carbon monoxide ; Hydrocarbons ; Nitrogen oxides ; Air filters ; Afterburners ; Furnaces ; Hardwoods ; Design criteria ; Combustion products ; Industrial wastes ; Technology ; State of the art ; Fabric filters ; Centrifuge separation
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600/2-78-004z Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/21/2014
EJBD  EPA 600/2-78-004z c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/21/2014
EKAM  TD888.C53M68 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 06/19/1998
EKBD  EPA-600/2-78-004z Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 07/04/2003
ESAD  EPA 600-2-78-004Z Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-290 125 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation x, 77 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
This document reviews the state of the art of air emissions from charcoal manufacture. The composition, quality, and rate of emissions, and their environmental effects are described. Charcoal is the solid material remaining after the pyrolysis of carbonaceous materials, primarily hardwoods. It is produced in both batch and continuous facilities and then briquetted. During the manufacturing process, emissions of particulate, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and nitrogen oxides are released. To evaluate the hazard potential of representative sources defined for batch kilns, continuous furnaces, and briquetting operations, source severity was defined as the ratio of the time-averaged maximum ground level pollutant concentration to a hazard factor. For criteria pollutants, the hazard factor is the ambient air quality standard; for noncriteria pollutants, it is a reduced TLV. Source severities range for controlled batch kilns from 0.016 to 3.7, for continuous furnaces from 0.0097 to 4.6, and for briquetting operations from 0.27 to 1.6. Batch kilns do not typically have emission control devices; however, some kilns use afterburners. Continuous furnaces are believed to use some level of afterburning to reduce particulate carbon monoxides, and hydrocarbons. Briquetting operations control particulate emissions via centrifugal collection or fabric filtration.
"December 1978." "EPA-600/2-78-004z." Contract no. 68-0202-1874. Includes bibliographical references.