Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 467 OF 1213
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Evaluation of the effectiveness of granular activated carbon adsorption and aquaculture for removing toxic compounds from treated petroleum refinery effluents /|
|Author||Matthews, John E. ; Burks, Sterling L.|
|CORP Author||Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research and Development, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory,|
|Report Number||EPA/600/2-81/067; EPA-R-805307-01|
|Subjects||Carbon, Activated. ; Water--Purification--Organic compounds removal. ; Effluent quality. ; Petroleum refineries--Waste disposal.|
|Additional Subjects||Water pollution control ; Petroleum industry ; Organic compounds ; Refineries ; Activated carbon ; Industrial waste treatment ; Capitalized costs ; Operating costs ; Aquaculture ; Adsorption ; Biological industrial waste treatment ; Granular activated carbon treatment ; Chemical oxygen demand ; NTISEPAORD|
|Collation||72 pages ; 28 cm|
Activated carbon adsorption isotherms of prepared aqueous solutions of toluene, 2,4-dimethyl phenol, naphthalene, benzo(a)pyrene, chrysene, pyrene, acenaphthene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, and fluorene on activated carbon were determined by laboratory studies to estimate the optimum loading capacity under ideal conditions. The adsorption capacity and loading capacity of the pulverized activated carbon for the specific organic compounds was calculated with the Freundlich equation. Effectiveness of activated carbon for removal of organic compounds from a petroleum refinery wastewater was evaluated with a pilot-scale treatment system on-site at a refinery. Comparison of effluent quality from the activated carbon versus conventional biological treatment and aquaculture in aerated lagoons as measured by chemical criteria and continuous flow bioassays with fathead minnows and benthic macroinvertebrates showed the activated carbon to be effective in removing organic compounds and reducing toxicity of the wastewater. A literature review of activated carbon treatment indicated considerable variation in estimates for both capital investments and annual operating costs.
Caption title. "April 1980. "EPA-600/2-81-067." Microfiche.