Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 453 OF 1211

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Evaluation of Laboratory Tests to Determine the Effectiveness of Chemical Surface Washing Agents.
Author Sullivan, D. ; Sahatjian, K. A. ;
CORP Author Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
Publisher 28 Apr 93
Year Published 1993
Report Number EPA-68-C8-0062; EPA/600/A-93/114;
Stock Number PB93-194215
Additional Subjects Oil spills ; Decontamination ; Surfactants ; Oil pollution removal ; Washing ; Chemical cleaning ; Adsorption ; Shores ; Land pollution ; Pollution effects(Materials) ; Tests ; Surface washing agents
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB93-194215 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 08/23/1993
Collation 7p
Abstract
In the study, the Environmental Protection Agency evaluated two of the four laboratory tests currently available to measure the effectiveness of surface washing agents: the inclined trough test and the swirling coupon test. The agency used two standard reference oils (Prudhoe Bay and bunker C), two test surfaces (stainless steel and porcelain tile), and three cleaning agents (Corexit 9580, Corexit 7664, and Citrikleen XPC) to evaluate the precision, cost, and ease of operations of the two tests. The study concluded that the overall performance of the two tests is similar but that costs for the inclined trough test are lower. Overall, there is concern as to whether any of the four existing tests are appropriate measures of surface washing agent effectiveness. Two problems exist: none of the tests measures the amount of oil remaining on the surface after washing, and none of the tests accounts for how easily oil is removed from the water after being washed off the surface. Therefore, more research is needed before a surface washing agent effectiveness test can be adopted as a regulatory tool.