Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 16 OF 23
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Organotin Toxicity Studies Conducted with Selected Marine Organisms at EPA's Environmental Research Laboratory, Gulf Breeze, Florida.|
|Author||Walsh, G. E. ;|
|CORP Author||Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.|
|Additional Subjects||Toxicity ; Aquatic plant ; Aquatic biology ; Exposure ; Water pollution ; Sea grasses ; Tin inorganic compounds ; Tin oxides ; Marine microorganisms ; Toxic substances ; Water pollution effects(Plants) ; Oxide/bis(butyltin-tri) ; Skeletonema costatum ; Thalassiosira psedonana ; Arenicola cristata ; Ophioderma brevispina ; Palaemonetes pugio ; Gulf Breeze(Florida)|
Studies on effect of bis(tri-n-butyltin)oxide (TBTO) and other organotins on marine species have been conducted at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's laboratory at Gulf Breeze, Florida, since 1983. First studies were done on two species of algae, Skeletonema costatum and Thalassiosira pseudonana, where 72h EC50s for tributyltins and population growth were 0.35 and 1.16 microgram/l, respectively. Two developmental stages of the lugworm, Arenicola cristata, were sensitive to TBTO (96h LC50=4 microgram/l). Only 0.1 microgram/l inhibited arm regeneration by the brittle star, Ophioderma brevispina. TBTO was less toxic to the grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, (96h LC50 = 20 microgram/l). Continuing studies include research on effects of TBTO on 1-, 4-and 10-day old mysids and estuarine seagrass communities.